cado

to fall, drop, plummet, topple.

caecus

blind, sightless.

caelestis

heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.

caelum

sky, heaven.

calamitas

calamity, misfortune, disaster.

calamus

anything made or reed — pen, arrow, pipe, etc.

calcar, -is

spur.

calco

to tread, trample upon.

calculus

pebble, stone.

callide

skillfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.

callidus

clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.

campana

bell.

candidus

bright, shining, white.

canis

dog.

canonicus

canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.

canonus

canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.

canto

to sing.

capillus

hair.

capio

to seize, take, choose / attack, injure / comprehend.

capitulus

chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.

capto

to grab, try to get, grab at.

caput capitis

head / top, summit / chief

carbo carbonis

carbon, coal, charcoal.

carcer

prison, cell, jail, dungeon.

careo

(+ abl. of sep.) be without, be deprived of, lack, want.

caries

rottenness, corruption, decay.

cariosus

rotten, decayed.

caritas

dearness, affection / charity.

carmen

song, poem.

carpo

to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.

carus

dear, beloved / costly, high-priced, expensive.

casso

to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.

caste

purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.

casus

accident, chance, fortune.

catena

chain, fetters.

caterva

crowd, troop, flock.

catervatim

in troops, in masses.

cattus

cat.

cauda

the tail of an animal.

causa

(in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of. cause / reason, motive, pretext / interest. case at law, case, law-suit / situation, condition.

caute cautim

cautiously, with security.

cautela

caution, precaution, security.

caveo cavi cautum

beware, avoid, look out for.

cavus

hole, pit.

cedo

to go, proceed / turn out, happen / go away, withdraw. (+ dat.) give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.

cedo cessi cessum

to grant, yield.

celebrer

famous, renowned.

celebrus

abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.

celer

quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.

celeritas

speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.

celeriter

rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.

celo

to hide, conceal, keep secret.

cena

dinner, meal.

cenaculum

garret, attic.

ceno

to dine.

censura

judgement.

centum

(indecl.) one hundred, 100.

cerno

to separate, sift, distinguish / decide, resolve, determine.

cernuus

falling headlong.

certe certo

(adv) certainly, assuredly.

certo

to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.

certus

undoubted, certain, sure, settled, resolved, decided / definite, certain, sure.

cervus

stag, deer

cetera

for the rest, otherwise

ceteri

the remaining, the rest, the others

ceterum

(adv.) otherwise, moreover, but.

ceterus

the other, the rest.

charisma carisma

gift, present.

chirographum

autograph, person’s own handwriting / written charter.

cibo

food for animals

cibus

food for men and animals.

cicuta

hemlock.

cimentarius

mason?

ciminatio

accusation, calumny, charge.

ciminosus

reproachful, slanderous.

cinis cineris

ashes, embers.

circumvenio

to come around, surround, cheat, defraud, to beset, assail.

cito:

quickly, rapidly, speedily.

civilis

civil, civic.

civis

citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.

civitas

state, citizenship, city-state.

clam

secretly, in secret.

clamo

to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.

clamor

loud shouting, cry.

claro

to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.

clarus

clear, bright / renowned, famous, illustrious

claudeo

to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.

claudo (clausus)

to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.

claudus

lame.

claustrum

bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure / cloister.

clementia

indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.

clibanus

oven, furnace / tray for bread making.

coadunatio

a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.

coaegresco

to become sick at the same time.

coepi(pres. incipio )

began, started, undertook, initiated.

coerceo

surround, enclose, restrain, confine.

cogito

to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.

cognatus

(adj.) related by blood (noun) a relative, kinsman.

cognomen

surname, family name, nick-name.

cognosco

to examine, inquire, learn.

cogo, coegi, coactum

to compel, restrict, confine, to bring together, drive, draw.

cohaero cohero cohesi cohesum

to adhere, stick together

cohibeo

confine, restrain, hold back, repress.

cohors

a yard, enclosure / troop, 1 / 10 of a legion.

cohortor

to encourage, incite, exhort.

colligo

to gather together, collect, assemble.

colloco

to place, put, arrange.

collum

neck.

colo colui cultum

cultivate, cherish

color

color.

coloratus

colored / dark-complexioned.

coloro

to color.

coma

hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.

combibo

to drink up, suck in.

comburo

to burn up, to ruin, consume.

comedo comedi comesum

to eat up, consume / waste, squander.

comes comitis

companion, friend, comrade / count.

cometes

comet

cometissa comitissa

countess.

comis

courteous, kind, friendly.

comitatus

train, retinue, following / war band.

comiter

courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.

comitto

to entrust, commit.

commemoro

to remind, relate, mention.

commeo

To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.

commessatio, onis

eating together.

comminor

to threaten.

comminuo

to scatter, weaken, damage.

comminus

hand to hand, in close combat.

commisceo

to intermingle, join, mix.

commissum

undertaking, that which is entrusted.

commodo

(+ acc.) to furnish, lend, give, to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.

commodum

suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use, advantage, opportunity, comfort.

commoneo

to remind someone forcibly of something, to remember, recollect, to impress upon one. to remind.

commoveo

to move violently, disturb, shake / excite, upset.

communis

common, general, run of the mill.

comparo

to compare.

compater

the godfather of a man’s child.

compatior

to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.

compello

to drive together, collect, force, compel.

comperio

to disclose wholly, lay open / learn, find out, to disclose fully, find out with certainty.

comperte

on good authority.

compes

fetters, shackles, chains.

compes, compedis

fetters, shackles, chained.

competo

to be appropriate, suitable, fit.

complectus

embrace, grasp.

compleo

to finish, to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfill.

compono

to put together, compose.

compositio

composition, agreement, pact / arrangement.

compositus

orderly, matching, made up of pieces.

comprehendo

to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed, to grasp, take together, unite / comprehend, to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.

comprobo

to approve fully / to confirm, prove, establish.

comprovincialis

born in the same province.

comptus

a head-dress, a hairband.

conatus

exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.

concedo

to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.

concepta

measures, capacity.

concero

connect join, twine, join in conflict.

concido

to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside, to be ruined, fail / cut up, cut down, destroy.

concilium

council

concipio

to take or lay hold of, receive, take in.

concisus

cut up, broken, brief, concise.

concito

to move violently, stir up, excite.

conculco

to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.

concupiscentia

avarice, covetousness.

concupisco

to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.

concutio

to shake, disturb, agitate, to shake together, alarm, shatter.

condico

to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.

conduco

hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.

confero

to bring together, put together, collect / discuss, debate, confer / betake oneself, devote.

confestim

immediately, without delay.

confido

have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.

confiteor confessus

to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.

conforto

to strengthen much.

confugo

to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.

congregatio

assembly, society, union.

congrego

to gather together, assemble, convene.

congruus

agreeing, fit, suitable.

conicio

to hurl, throw / put together, conjecture.

coniecto

to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.

conitor

to press upon, to struggle to reach

coniuratio

conspiracy, plot.

coniuratus

conspirator, plotter.

coniuro

to take an oath together, plot, conspire.

conor

to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt.

conqueror

to complain loudly.

conscendo

to ascend, mount, go up.

conscientia

conscience, consciousness, knowledge

conscindo

to tear in pieces.

conscius

conscious of, aware of.

conservo

to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.

considero

to look at, regard carefully,

consido

to set down, settle.

consilio

intentionally, on purpose, designedly.

consilium

deliberation, consultation, assembly, council, advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.

consisto

(+ in) to depend on, rely on, to take one’s stand, stand still, stop, be posted. (+ abl. etc.) to be formed of, consist / stop, stay.

consitor

sower, planter.

conspergo

to sprinkle, bestrew.

conspicio

to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.

constans

steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.

constanter

steadily, firmly.

constituo

to set up, place, establish, post, station, to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.

consto

to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.

constringo constrixi constrictum

to bind, confine, restrain.

construo construxi constructum

to construct, build, arrange.

constupator

ravisher, debaucher.

constupro

to ravish, corrupt.

consuasor

advisor, counselor.

consuefacio

to accustom, acclimate, become used to.

consuesco

to accustom, inure, habituate

consueta

customary, usual.

consuetudo

custom, usage, habit / intimacy, familiar acquaintance.

consulatio

deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.

consulo

to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect. (+ dat.) look to the interests of / consult, ask advice. to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.

consulto

to ask the advice of, consult, to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.

consultum

decree.

consummatio

completion, summing up, adding up.

consummo

to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.

consumo

to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.

consuo consui consutum

to sew together, stitch.

consurgo

to stand up, rise up / to arise, break out.

contabesco

to waste slowly away, decline in health.

contactus

touching, contact / contagion.

contages

a touch, contact.

contagio contagium

contagion, infection / touching, contact.

contamino

to pollute, infect.

contego

to cover, shield, protect, defend.

contemno

to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.

contemplatio

survey, contemplation.

contemplor

to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.

contemptim

contemptuously.

contemptio

scorn, disdain, contempt.

contemptus

despised, despicable, contemptible.

contendo

to compare, contrast / compete, to contend, strive, struggle, hasten, to assert, maintain / shoot (a missile), cast.

contente

eagerly, earnestly.

contentus

contented, satisfied, strained, stretched / eager, zealous.

contigo

(with dat.), to happen, befall.

contineo

to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect, to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include, hold together, keep together, connect, join.

contineo contigi, contectum

border on / befall (good luck).

contineo:

to hold back, restrain.

contingo

(contactum) to touch closely, happen to, befall.

continuo

(adv.) immediately, at once.

continuus

connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.

contra

(+ acc.) against.

contradictio

a speaking against, contradiction.

contrado

to deliver together, or wholly.

contraho

to draw together, collect, assemble, carry out.

contristo

to make sad or gloomy, to sadden, afflict, damage (of crops).

conturbo

to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.

conventus

coming together, assembly, union, congress.

conversatio

way, manner of life / monastic life.

converto

to turn around, cause to turn / to adopt the monastic life.

convoco

to call together, convene.

copia

abundance, supply.

copiae copie

supplies, troops, forces.

copiose

fully, at length, copiously.

cornu

horn.

corona

crown, diadem.

corpus corporis

body, corpse.

correptius

more shortly.

corrigo(correctum)

to make correct, make right.

corripio

to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attack

corroboro

to strengthen.

corrumpo

to break up, destroy, annihilate / spoil, weaken, (documents) to falsify / (character) to corrupt.

corruo

to fall to the ground, sink down / be ruined, destroyed.

coruscus

(a) flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.

cotidie

daily, every day.

crapula

wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.

cras

(adv.) tomorrow, on the morrow.

crastinus

of the morrow, the morrow.

creator

creator, founder.

creatura

creature, servant.

creber

thick, frequent, numerous.

crebro

repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.

credo

to believe / trust, commit / trust in, rely on / think.

creo

to create, make.

creptio

taking by force, seizure.

crepusculum

dusk, twilight.

cresco(cretum)

to grow, increase, expand.

creta

chalk, fuller’s earth.

cribro

to sift.

cribrum

sieve.

crinis

hair.

crinitus

long haired.

cruciamentum

torture, torment.

crucio

to torture, torment.

crudelis

cruel.

cruentus

to make bloody, stain with blood, bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red.

crur, cruris

leg, shank, shin, also foot.

crustulum

pastry, cookie.

crux crucis

cross.

cubicularis

pertaining to a bedroom

cubicularius

bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.

cubiculum

bedroom, sleeping chamber.

cubitum

the elbow / a cubit.

cubitum ire

to go to bed, retire

cubo

to lie down, recline.

cui

(masc. sing. dat.) TO WHOM did you give it? , (fem. sing. dat.) IN WHICH (province) did you live? , (neut. sing. dat.) (the monster), TO WHOM the cattle belonged.

cuius

(neut. sing. gen) (the building) the size OF WHICH was great, (masc. sing. gen.) (the saint) WHOSE virtues were many, (fem. sing. gen.) (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.

cuiusmodi

of what kind.

culpa

fault, blame, (esp. against chastity).

culpo

to blame, censure, accuse.

cultellus

a little knife.

cultura

cultivation

cum

(prep + abl.) with, (with indicative) when, (with subjunctive) when, as, while, since, although.

cunabula

cradle.

cunae

nest for young birds.

cunctatio

delay.

cunctator

delayer, procrastinator,

cunctor

to delay, impede, hold up.

cunctus

all, all collectively, the whole.

cupiditas

ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.

cupido

passion, desire, wanting, yearning, longing.

cupio

to desire, wish, long for, desire.

cuppedia

delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.

cupressus

cypress, cypress wood, a cypress-wood casket.

cur

why, wherefore.

cura

management, administration, care, concern, charge.

curatio

attention / medical attention, healing, curing.

curator

guardian, overseer

curia

court

curiositas

curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.

curiosus

careful, attentive / curious, inquisitive / worn out by cares.

curis quris

a spear.

curo

to care for, trouble about, pay attention to, manage, administer / provide money, (+gerundive) to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.

curriculum

a running, race, lap around the track, course.

currus

cart / a plow with wheels.

cursim

hastily, quickly, rapidly.

cursito

to run up and down.

curso

to run back and forth.

cursor

runner, carrier, messenger.

cursus

a race, a running, race course, race track, course.

curto

to shorten, abbreviate.

curtus

shortened / mutilated, defective / gelded.

curvo

to bend, arch, curve / influence.

curvus

arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong (morally crooked).

custodia

protection, custody.

custodiae custodie

guards, wardens.

custos(custodis)

guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant, guard / spy.