abbas abbatis

father / abbot.

abbatia

abbey, monastery

abduco

to lead, or take away / detach, withdraw.

abeo

to go away, retire / depart from life, die / to digress / change / vanish, disappear.

abscido

to cut off, to separate, take away.

absconditus

hidden, concealed.

absens, absentis

absent, missing, away, gone.

absorbeo

to swallow, gulp down, carry away, engross.

absque

(+ abl.) without.

abstergo

to wipe off, clean away.

absum

to be absent, be away, be missing.

abundans

abundant, overflowing, abounding in.

abundantia

abundance, bounty, plenty

abutor

to make full use of / to abuse / to use abusive language / use a word incorrectly.

ac(atque)

and

accedo

to approach, come near / (things) to be added.

accendo

to kindle, illuminate, inflame.

acceptus

welcome, pleasant, agreeable.

accipio

to consider oneself indebted, receive, learn, take.

accommodo

to adjust, adapt, accommodate oneself.

accusator

accusor, plaintiff.

accuso

to accuse, blame, find fault with.

acer

sharp, keen, eager, severe, fierce.

acerbitas

harshness, bitterness.

acerbus

bitter, gloomy, dark.

acervus

a heap, mass.

acidus

sharp, sour.

acies

keenness, edge, sharpness, battle-line, battlefield.

acquiro

to acquire, gain, get, obtain.

acsi

as if, (Herimann p. 283, 293).

adamo

to fall in love with, find pleasure in.

adaugeo

to make greater, add, increase.

addo

to give, bring, place, / inspire, cause, / add, join.

adduco

to lead, induce, persuade.

ademptio:

a taking away.

adeo

to such a point, such an extent, so far, so long, to approach, visit, come to, undertake.

adeptio

attainment, obtaining.

adepto

to obtain, get, acquire.

adfectus affectus(fr. adficio)

influenced, worked upon.

adfero affero

to cause, bring about, contribute, to bring news, report / apply, bring to bear.

adficio

to affect, afflict, weaken, sap, exhaust, drain.

adflicto affligo

to injure, weaken, discourage, damage, break.

adhaero

to hang to, stick to, adhere.

adhuc

till then, till now, still, even now, besides, also, yet.

adicio

to direct, address, apply / to throw to.

adimpleo

to fulfill, perform.

adipiscor

to come up to, overtake, obtain.

adiuvo

to help, aid, assist.

administratio

giving of help, administration, government.

admiratio

wonder, astonishment, surprise, admiration.

admiror

to wonder at, admire, marvel at.

admitto

to admit, receive.

admoneo

admonish, advise.

admonitio

warning, reminder (insult – Herimann, p. 282).

admoveo

to move to, bring up, apply.

adnuo

to nod assent.

adopto

to wish for oneself, adopt, select, pick out.

adsidue assidue

continuously, without remission.

adstringo

(persons) bind, oblige, (+ refl.) commit oneself to, to tight, compress, compact, to draw together, tighten, bind.

adsuesco assuesco

to grow accustomed to, used to, make familiar.

adsum

to assist, be present, be near, be in attendance,

adsumo (assumo)

to take to oneself, claim, appropriate, call.

adulatio

fawning, flattery, sycophancy, buttering up.

adulescens

young man, youth, lad.

adulescentia

youth

adultus

(adj.) grown up, mature, adult, of age.

aduro (adustum)

to set fire to, burn, singe, kindle, light.

advenio

to come, arrive, reach.

adversus

(prep. + acc.) toward, against, facing, (adj.) facing, opposite, opposing.

adverto

to turn towards, direct one’s attention to, attract.

advoco

to summon, call / call in an advisor.

aedificium edificium

building, structure.

aeger eger

sick, ill.

aegre egre

(adv.) hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, laboriously.

aegresco

to become ill, grow worse, be ill.

aegresco egresco

to fall ill, become troubled, grow worse.

aegretudo egretudo

sickness, mental illness.

aegrotatio egrotatio

sickness, illness.

aegrus

ill, diseased, unwell.

aeneus eneus

made of copper or bronze, brazen.

aequitas equitas

justice, fairness, equity.

aequus, equus

level, even, calm, equal, favorable, just.

aer, aeris

air, atmosphere, ether, weather.

aestas estas

summer.

aestivus estivus

pertaining to summer.

aestus estus

heat, tide.

aetas

an age, stage, period of life, time, era.

aeternus eternus

eternal, everlasting, without end.

ager (agri)

farm, field, acre.

aggero

to make a mound, heap up, increase.

aggredior

to go to, approach, address, attack.

agnitio

recognition, knowledge.

agnosco

to know again, recognize, report, understand, admit, acknowledge, to recognize, understand, perceive.

ago (egi actum )

to spend time, live / manage, drive, lead.

ait

he says.

aiunt:

they say.

alienus

somebody else’s, foreign, alien, strange, different.

alii … alii

some … others.

alioqui

(adv.) otherwise.

alioquin

(adv.) otherwise, in some respects / in general.

aliqua

some.

aliquando

at any time, sometimes, occasionally, at last.

aliquanta

(adj.) moderate, or some size.

aliquanto

somewhat, considerably.

aliquantum

(noun) a good deal.

aliquantus

(adj.) of some size, moderate.

aliqui

some.

aliquid

someone, somebody, something.

aliquis

someone, anyone, anything, (adv.) in any respect.

aliquo

(adv.) in some direction.

aliquot

some, several.

aliquotiens

some times.

alius alia aliud

other, another, someone else, something else.

allatus (=adfero)

having been brought.

alo (alui altum)

nourish, cherish, support, sustain, maintain, keep.

Alos

alquod: some.

alter

(adv.) otherwise.

alter … alter

the one … the other.

alter altera alterum

the second, the other one.

altus

high, deep.

alveus

hollow, basket, bed (of a river).

amaritudo

bitterness.

ambitus

border, edge, extent / going around, circuit.

ambulo

to walk.

amicitia

friendship

amiculum

cloak, cape.

amicus

friend, comrade.

amissio / amissus

loss.

amita

father’s sister, paternal aunt.

amitto

to dismiss, send away, lose, let slip away, to send away, let go, let slip, lose.

amo

to love, like, be fond of, cherish.

amor

love, affection, infatuation, passion.

amoveo

to move away, remove, take out, shift.

amplexus

an embracing, surrounding, loving embrace, [euphemism] amplio : to enlarge, increase, improve.

amplitudo

size, breadth, dignity, grandeur, greatness.

amplus

large, spacious, ample / great important, honorable.

an

(adv.) or “Are you going OR are you staying?”

ancilla

maidservant, also used by nuns to describe themselves.

angelus

angel.

angulus

corner, niche.

angustus

narrow, limited, strait, tight, constricted.

animadverto

to turn the mind to, take notice of, see, perceive.

animus

courage, vivacity, bravery, will, spirit, soul, character, intellect, memory, consciousness, often mind.

annus

year.

anser

goose.

ante

(prep. + acc.) before / in front of / (adv.) before, previously.

antea

(adv.) before, previously, formerly.

antepono

(+ dat.) put before, prefer, favor, promote.

antiquus

ancient, old, hoary,

aperio

to uncover, lay bare, reveal, make clear.

aperte

openly, frankly.

apostolus

(legal) notice sent to a higher tribunal / ecc. Apostle.

apparatus

equipment, gear, machinery / splendor, magnificence.

appareo

to become visible, appear, manifest

appello

to call, name, summon.

appono

to appoint a person, to add something, to place near, put to, serve, put on the table.

appositus

placed near, approaching, appropriate, appositively.

approbo

to approve.

appropinquo

(+ dat.) to near, drawn near, come close, approach.

apto

to fit, adapt, adjust, make ready, or fit.

aptus

fitted, connected, fastened / prepared, fitted out, suitable, appropriate, fitting.

apud

(prep. + acc.) among, in the presence of, at, at the house of.

aqua

water.

ara

altar

aranea

spider’s web.

arbitro arbitror

to witness, bear witness / judge, arbitrate.

arbor

tree.

arbustum

a vineyard planted with trees.

arbustus

planted with trees.

arca archa

chest, box, money box, coffin, cell.

arceo

to shut up, enclose.

arcesso, accerso

to bring, fetch, summon, call for.

arcus

bow (BOW and arrows), arch, bend, arc.

argentum

silver, money.

argumentum

proof, evidence.

arguo

to show, make clear, attempt to show.

arma

arms, weapons.

armarium

cupboard, chest, safe (for food, clothing, money).

armo

to provide arms, arm, equip, fit out.

aro

to plow.

ars, artis

skill method, technique, conduct, character.

articulus

(of time) a moment, crisis.

artificiose

skillfully.

artificiosus

skillful, accomplished, skillfuly made.

arto

to press together, reduce, abridged.

arx , arcis

citadel, stronghold, fortress, keep, donjon.

ascisco

to receive, admit / adopt / take up, approve.

asper

rough, harsh, severe.

asperitas

roughness, severity / harshness, fierceness.

aspicio

to look at, behold, gaze at, see.

asporto

to carry off, take away.

assentator

flatterer, sycophant, yes-man.

astrum

star, constellation.

at

(conj.) but. (more emphatic and emotional than sed).

atavus

great-great-great grandfather, ancestor.

ater atra atrum

dark.

atqui

(conj.) and yet, still.

atrocitas

hashness, cruelty, frightfulness, barbarity, horror.

atrox

terrible, cruel, horror.

attero

destroy, waste, weaken, impair, to weaken, ruin, rub against, rub away, erode.

attollo

to raise, lift up, elevate / excite, exalt.

attonbitus

frantic, inspired, thunder-struck, stunned.

auctor

author, originator.

auctoritas

authority

auctus

growth, enlargement, increase.

audacia

boldness, dash, daring, audacity.

audacter, audaciter

boldly, proudly, fearlessly.

audax

bold

audentia

boldness, courage.

audeo(part. ausus )

to dare.

audio

to hear, hearken, listen to.

auditor

hearer, listener.

aufero

to carry away, remove / steal, carry off, make away with.

aureus

golden.

auris

ear.

aurum

gold.

aut … aut

either … or.

autem

moreover, however, but, also.

autus

increase, enlargement, growth.

auxilium

aid, help, assistance, support.

avaritia

avarice, greed.

avarus

greedy, avaricious.

aveho

to carry away, remove (avexi avectum )

averto

to turn away, avert, avoid. turn back.

avoco

to call away, divert.

baiulus

porter, pall-bearer, carrier of a burden.

balbus

stammering, stuttering, fumbling.

barba

beard, whiskers.

bardus

stupid, slow, dull.

basium

kiss.

beatus

blessed, fortunate, sometimes “saint”.

bellicus

martial, military, war-like.

bellum

war.

bellus

beautiful, pretty, charming, handsome.

beneficium

benefit, favor, service, privilege, right.

benemelioroptime

well, better, best

benevolentia

benevolence, kindness, good will.

benigne

kindly, generously.

Berlinmonte

Berlaimont, near Le Quesnoy.

bestia

animal, beast.

bibo

to drink, quaff.

bis

twice.

blandior

to flatter, caress, (+ dat.) coax.

blanditia

blandishments, attractions, allurement, charm.

Boloniense

Bouillon.

bonus melior optimus

good, better, best.

bos (bovis )

cow, ox, bull.

brevis

short, small, brief.

brevitas

shortness, brevity.

breviter

briefly.

cado

to fall, drop, plummet, topple.

caecus

blind, sightless.

caelestis

heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.

caelum

sky, heaven.

calamitas

calamity, misfortune, disaster.

calamus

anything made or reed — pen, arrow, pipe, etc.

calcar, -is

spur.

calco

to tread, trample upon.

calculus

pebble, stone.

callide

skillfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.

callidus

clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.

campana

bell.

candidus

bright, shining, white.

canis

dog.

canonicus

canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.

canonus

canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.

canto

to sing.

capillus

hair.

capio

to seize, take, choose / attack, injure / comprehend.

capitulus

chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.

capto

to grab, try to get, grab at.

caput capitis

head / top, summit / chief

carbo carbonis

carbon, coal, charcoal.

carcer

prison, cell, jail, dungeon.

careo

(+ abl. of sep.) be without, be deprived of, lack, want.

caries

rottenness, corruption, decay.

cariosus

rotten, decayed.

caritas

dearness, affection / charity.

carmen

song, poem.

carpo

to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.

carus

dear, beloved / costly, high-priced, expensive.

casso

to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.

caste

purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.

casus

accident, chance, fortune.

catena

chain, fetters.

caterva

crowd, troop, flock.

catervatim

in troops, in masses.

cattus

cat.

cauda

the tail of an animal.

causa

(in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of. cause / reason, motive, pretext / interest. case at law, case, law-suit / situation, condition.

caute cautim

cautiously, with security.

cautela

caution, precaution, security.

caveo cavi cautum

beware, avoid, look out for.

cavus

hole, pit.

cedo

to go, proceed / turn out, happen / go away, withdraw. (+ dat.) give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.

cedo cessi cessum

to grant, yield.

celebrer

famous, renowned.

celebrus

abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.

celer

quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.

celeritas

speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.

celeriter

rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.

celo

to hide, conceal, keep secret.

cena

dinner, meal.

cenaculum

garret, attic.

ceno

to dine.

censura

judgement.

centum

(indecl.) one hundred, 100.

cerno

to separate, sift, distinguish / decide, resolve, determine.

cernuus

falling headlong.

certe certo

(adv) certainly, assuredly.

certo

to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.

certus

undoubted, certain, sure, settled, resolved, decided / definite, certain, sure.

cervus

stag, deer

cetera

for the rest, otherwise

ceteri

the remaining, the rest, the others

ceterum

(adv.) otherwise, moreover, but.

ceterus

the other, the rest.

charisma carisma

gift, present.

chirographum

autograph, person’s own handwriting / written charter.

cibo

food for animals

cibus

food for men and animals.

cicuta

hemlock.

cimentarius

mason?

ciminatio

accusation, calumny, charge.

ciminosus

reproachful, slanderous.

cinis cineris

ashes, embers.

circumvenio

to come around, surround, cheat, defraud, to beset, assail.

cito:

quickly, rapidly, speedily.

civilis

civil, civic.

civis

citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.

civitas

state, citizenship, city-state.

clam

secretly, in secret.

clamo

to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.

clamor

loud shouting, cry.

claro

to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.

clarus

clear, bright / renowned, famous, illustrious

claudeo

to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.

claudo (clausus)

to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.

claudus

lame.

claustrum

bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure / cloister.

clementia

indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.

clibanus

oven, furnace / tray for bread making.

coadunatio

a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.

coaegresco

to become sick at the same time.

coepi(pres. incipio )

began, started, undertook, initiated.

coerceo

surround, enclose, restrain, confine.

cogito

to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.

cognatus

(adj.) related by blood (noun) a relative, kinsman.

cognomen

surname, family name, nick-name.

cognosco

to examine, inquire, learn.

cogo, coegi, coactum

to compel, restrict, confine, to bring together, drive, draw.

cohaero cohero cohesi cohesum

to adhere, stick together

cohibeo

confine, restrain, hold back, repress.

cohors

a yard, enclosure / troop, 1 / 10 of a legion.

cohortor

to encourage, incite, exhort.

colligo

to gather together, collect, assemble.

colloco

to place, put, arrange.

collum

neck.

colo colui cultum

cultivate, cherish

color

color.

coloratus

colored / dark-complexioned.

coloro

to color.

coma

hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.

combibo

to drink up, suck in.

comburo

to burn up, to ruin, consume.

comedo comedi comesum

to eat up, consume / waste, squander.

comes comitis

companion, friend, comrade / count.

cometes

comet

cometissa comitissa

countess.

comis

courteous, kind, friendly.

comitatus

train, retinue, following / war band.

comiter

courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.

comitto

to entrust, commit.

commemoro

to remind, relate, mention.

commeo

To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.

commessatio, onis

eating together.

comminor

to threaten.

comminuo

to scatter, weaken, damage.

comminus

hand to hand, in close combat.

commisceo

to intermingle, join, mix.

commissum

undertaking, that which is entrusted.

commodo

(+ acc.) to furnish, lend, give, to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.

commodum

suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use, advantage, opportunity, comfort.

commoneo

to remind someone forcibly of something, to remember, recollect, to impress upon one. to remind.

commoveo

to move violently, disturb, shake / excite, upset.

communis

common, general, run of the mill.

comparo

to compare.

compater

the godfather of a man’s child.

compatior

to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.

compello

to drive together, collect, force, compel.

comperio

to disclose wholly, lay open / learn, find out, to disclose fully, find out with certainty.

comperte

on good authority.

compes

fetters, shackles, chains.

compes, compedis

fetters, shackles, chained.

competo

to be appropriate, suitable, fit.

complectus

embrace, grasp.

compleo

to finish, to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfill.

compono

to put together, compose.

compositio

composition, agreement, pact / arrangement.

compositus

orderly, matching, made up of pieces.

comprehendo

to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed, to grasp, take together, unite / comprehend, to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.

comprobo

to approve fully / to confirm, prove, establish.

comprovincialis

born in the same province.

comptus

a head-dress, a hairband.

conatus

exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.

concedo

to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.

concepta

measures, capacity.

concero

connect join, twine, join in conflict.

concido

to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside, to be ruined, fail / cut up, cut down, destroy.

concilium

council

concipio

to take or lay hold of, receive, take in.

concisus

cut up, broken, brief, concise.

concito

to move violently, stir up, excite.

conculco

to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.

concupiscentia

avarice, covetousness.

concupisco

to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.

concutio

to shake, disturb, agitate, to shake together, alarm, shatter.

condico

to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.

conduco

hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.

confero

to bring together, put together, collect / discuss, debate, confer / betake oneself, devote.

confestim

immediately, without delay.

confido

have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.

confiteor confessus

to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.

conforto

to strengthen much.

confugo

to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.

congregatio

assembly, society, union.

congrego

to gather together, assemble, convene.

congruus

agreeing, fit, suitable.

conicio

to hurl, throw / put together, conjecture.

coniecto

to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.

conitor

to press upon, to struggle to reach

coniuratio

conspiracy, plot.

coniuratus

conspirator, plotter.

coniuro

to take an oath together, plot, conspire.

conor

to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt.

conqueror

to complain loudly.

conscendo

to ascend, mount, go up.

conscientia

conscience, consciousness, knowledge

conscindo

to tear in pieces.

conscius

conscious of, aware of.

conservo

to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.

considero

to look at, regard carefully,

consido

to set down, settle.

consilio

intentionally, on purpose, designedly.

consilium

deliberation, consultation, assembly, council, advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.

consisto

(+ in) to depend on, rely on, to take one’s stand, stand still, stop, be posted. (+ abl. etc.) to be formed of, consist / stop, stay.

consitor

sower, planter.

conspergo

to sprinkle, bestrew.

conspicio

to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.

constans

steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.

constanter

steadily, firmly.

constituo

to set up, place, establish, post, station, to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.

consto

to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.

constringo constrixi constrictum

to bind, confine, restrain.

construo construxi constructum

to construct, build, arrange.

constupator

ravisher, debaucher.

constupro

to ravish, corrupt.

consuasor

advisor, counselor.

consuefacio

to accustom, acclimate, become used to.

consuesco

to accustom, inure, habituate

consueta

customary, usual.

consuetudo

custom, usage, habit / intimacy, familiar acquaintance.

consulatio

deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.

consulo

to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect. (+ dat.) look to the interests of / consult, ask advice. to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.

consulto

to ask the advice of, consult, to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.

consultum

decree.

consummatio

completion, summing up, adding up.

consummo

to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.

consumo

to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.

consuo consui consutum

to sew together, stitch.

consurgo

to stand up, rise up / to arise, break out.

contabesco

to waste slowly away, decline in health.

contactus

touching, contact / contagion.

contages

a touch, contact.

contagio contagium

contagion, infection / touching, contact.

contamino

to pollute, infect.

contego

to cover, shield, protect, defend.

contemno

to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.

contemplatio

survey, contemplation.

contemplor

to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.

contemptim

contemptuously.

contemptio

scorn, disdain, contempt.

contemptus

despised, despicable, contemptible.

contendo

to compare, contrast / compete, to contend, strive, struggle, hasten, to assert, maintain / shoot (a missile), cast.

contente

eagerly, earnestly.

contentus

contented, satisfied, strained, stretched / eager, zealous.

contigo

(with dat.), to happen, befall.

contineo

to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect, to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include, hold together, keep together, connect, join.

contineo contigi, contectum

border on / befall (good luck).

contineo:

to hold back, restrain.

contingo

(contactum) to touch closely, happen to, befall.

continuo

(adv.) immediately, at once.

continuus

connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.

contra

(+ acc.) against.

contradictio

a speaking against, contradiction.

contrado

to deliver together, or wholly.

contraho

to draw together, collect, assemble, carry out.

contristo

to make sad or gloomy, to sadden, afflict, damage (of crops).

conturbo

to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.

conventus

coming together, assembly, union, congress.

conversatio

way, manner of life / monastic life.

converto

to turn around, cause to turn / to adopt the monastic life.

convoco

to call together, convene.

copia

abundance, supply.

copiae copie

supplies, troops, forces.

copiose

fully, at length, copiously.

cornu

horn.

corona

crown, diadem.

corpus corporis

body, corpse.

correptius

more shortly.

corrigo(correctum)

to make correct, make right.

corripio

to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attack

corroboro

to strengthen.

corrumpo

to break up, destroy, annihilate / spoil, weaken, (documents) to falsify / (character) to corrupt.

corruo

to fall to the ground, sink down / be ruined, destroyed.

coruscus

(a) flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.

cotidie

daily, every day.

crapula

wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.

cras

(adv.) tomorrow, on the morrow.

crastinus

of the morrow, the morrow.

creator

creator, founder.

creatura

creature, servant.

creber

thick, frequent, numerous.

crebro

repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.

credo

to believe / trust, commit / trust in, rely on / think.

creo

to create, make.

creptio

taking by force, seizure.

crepusculum

dusk, twilight.

cresco(cretum)

to grow, increase, expand.

creta

chalk, fuller’s earth.

cribro

to sift.

cribrum

sieve.

crinis

hair.

crinitus

long haired.

cruciamentum

torture, torment.

crucio

to torture, torment.

crudelis

cruel.

cruentus

to make bloody, stain with blood, bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red.

crur, cruris

leg, shank, shin, also foot.

crustulum

pastry, cookie.

crux crucis

cross.

cubicularis

pertaining to a bedroom

cubicularius

bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.

cubiculum

bedroom, sleeping chamber.

cubitum

the elbow / a cubit.

cubitum ire

to go to bed, retire

cubo

to lie down, recline.

cui

(masc. sing. dat.) TO WHOM did you give it? , (fem. sing. dat.) IN WHICH (province) did you live? , (neut. sing. dat.) (the monster), TO WHOM the cattle belonged.

cuius

(neut. sing. gen) (the building) the size OF WHICH was great, (masc. sing. gen.) (the saint) WHOSE virtues were many, (fem. sing. gen.) (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.

cuiusmodi

of what kind.

culpa

fault, blame, (esp. against chastity).

culpo

to blame, censure, accuse.

cultellus

a little knife.

cultura

cultivation

cum

(prep + abl.) with, (with indicative) when, (with subjunctive) when, as, while, since, although.

cunabula

cradle.

cunae

nest for young birds.

cunctatio

delay.

cunctator

delayer, procrastinator,

cunctor

to delay, impede, hold up.

cunctus

all, all collectively, the whole.

cupiditas

ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.

cupido

passion, desire, wanting, yearning, longing.

cupio

to desire, wish, long for, desire.

cuppedia

delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.

cupressus

cypress, cypress wood, a cypress-wood casket.

cur

why, wherefore.

cura

management, administration, care, concern, charge.

curatio

attention / medical attention, healing, curing.

curator

guardian, overseer

curia

court

curiositas

curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.

curiosus

careful, attentive / curious, inquisitive / worn out by cares.

curis quris

a spear.

curo

to care for, trouble about, pay attention to, manage, administer / provide money, (+gerundive) to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.

curriculum

a running, race, lap around the track, course.

currus

cart / a plow with wheels.

cursim

hastily, quickly, rapidly.

cursito

to run up and down.

curso

to run back and forth.

cursor

runner, carrier, messenger.

cursus

a race, a running, race course, race track, course.

curto

to shorten, abbreviate.

curtus

shortened / mutilated, defective / gelded.

curvo

to bend, arch, curve / influence.

curvus

arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong (morally crooked).

custodia

protection, custody.

custodiae custodie

guards, wardens.

custos(custodis)

guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant, guard / spy.

damnatio

condemnation.

damno

to condemn, damn.

dapifer

seneschal.

de

(prep. + abl.) down from, from, concerning, about.

debeo

to owe, to be morally bound to, to be bound by.

debilito

to weaken, enervate, sap, exhaust.

decens, decenter

properly, fittingly, suitably.

decerno

to decide, determine, settle.

decerto

to contend, fight to the finish.

decet

it is seemly, comely, suitable, proper.

decimus

tenth.

decipio

(deceptus) ensnare, trap, beguile, deceive, cheat.

decor

beauty, grace.

decoro

beautify, embellish, adorn.

decorus

beautiful, graceful, charming, proper, fit, becoming.

decretum

decree, judgment, edict, order.

decumbo

to fall, fall into, lie down.

dedecor

unseemly, shameful, disgraceful, dishonorable.

dedecus

shame, dishonor, disgrace, crime, dishonorable act.

dedico

to dedicate.

deduco

to lad out colonists, found a colony.

defaeco

to cleanse, purify, purge.

defendo

to defend, ward off, protect, shelter.

defero

to hand over, carry down, communicate, offer, refer.

defessus

weary, tired.

defetiscor (defessus)

to grow tired, weary.,

deficio(defectum)

to fail, to weaken, to be in want.

defigo

fasten down, secure, fix firmly / concentrate, fix upon.

defleo

to weep for, bewail.

defluo

to flow down/away, waste, disappear, be lost.

defungo

to discharge one’s duties, quit, retire, die, finish

degenero

to cause to degenerate, disgrace by degeneracy, to be unlike one’s kind, fall off, degenerate.

degero

to pass time, live.

degusto

to taste.

deinde

next, then, thereafter, from that place.

delectatio

delight, pleasure, enjoyment.

delecto

to attract, delight / (pass + abl) take delight in.

delego

to transfer, commit, assign, impute, attribute, ascribe.

deleo

(deletum ) to destroy, wipe out, erase.

delibero

to consider, deliberate.

delicate

luxuriously, delicately, slowly, (adv.) luxuriously.

deliciae

allurements, charms, delights, fancies / sweetheart

delinquo

to fail, be wanting / fail in duty, commit a crime.

deludo

to mock, cheat.

demens(dementis )

insane, mad, out of one’s mind, foolish.

demergo

to sink, plunge into, dip under, go into debt.

demitto

set down, let fall (to offer payment to the church), lower.

demo

to take away, subtract.

demonstro

to indicate, show, describe, explain.

demoror

to loiter, linger, tarry, belay.

demulceo

to stroke down, caress by stroking.

demum

at length at last, finally.

denego

to refuse, deny, reject.

denique

at last, finally, again, in short.

dens(dentis )

tooth.

denuncio

declare, give notice, announce.

denuntio

to announce officially, pronounce, declare.

denuo

anew, again, a second time, afresh.

deorsum

downwards.

depereo

to perish, be utterly ruined.

depono

to put down, lay aside.

depopulo depopulor

to lay waste, ravage, devastate.

deporto

to carry off, to take away.

depraedor depredor

to plunder, lay waste, pillage, ravage.

deprecator

intercessor, one who pleads on behalf.

deprecor

to entreat for, beg for / intercede / curse.

deprecor

to beg by entreaty, to excuse oneself / curse.

deprehensio

detection.

deprimo (depressus)

to press down, depress, low-lying.

depromo

to take down, produce, fetch out.

depulso

push aside, thrust away.

deputo

to count, estimate / prune, cut off.

derelinquo

to forsake, desert, abandon.

derideo

to laugh at, mock, deride.

deripio

to tear down, snatch away.

desidero

to long for, wish for greatly, to miss.

desidiosus

lazy, unmotivated.

desino

cease, stop, end, desist.

desino (desiit)

to leave off, give over, cease, stop, desist.

desipio

to act foolishly, play the fool, make an ass of one’s self.

desolo

to leave desolate, abandoned, to forsake.

desparatus

given up on / desperate

despecto

overlook, despise, look down upon.

despero

to have no hope, despair, give up.

despero

to be without hope, despair / despair of, give up.

despiciens

contemptuous.

despicio

to look down, regard from above, despise.

desposco

to demand.

destinatus

resolute, firm, determined, with one’s mind made up.

destituo

to set down, place / abandon, leave in the lurch.

detego detectum

to uncover, lay bare, disclose.

determino

to fix the limits of, set boundaries to, delimit.

detineo

hold off, hold back, detain.

detrimentum

damage, loss, detriment.

deus

god.

devenio

to come to, arrive at, reach.

devito

to avoid.

devoco

to call away, call down, call aside.

devotio

(Christian) piety, devotion, zeal.

devoveo

to consecrate, sacrifice, devote / curse, execrate.

dexter

right, on the right.

dextera

the right hand.

diabolus

devil, Satan.

dico

(dictum ) to say, tell, speak, name, call, pronounce.

dictata

things dictated, lessons, presents.

dictator

dictator.

dictito

to say often, reiterate.

dicto

to say often, dictate, get written down.

didico

to be told (Herimann cap. 39, 44).

dido dididi didtum

to separate, divide, distribute.

dies diei

day

diffama -tus

spread around, made known.

differo

to spread news / delay, defer, postpone.

differo

to spread about, spread news / harrass, disturb.

differo

to delay, postpone / to differ, be different.

differtus

stuffed full, crammed, jammed.

difficilis

difficult, hard, troublesome.

difficultas

difficulty, need, trouble, distress.

digestor

arranger, composer, one who makes a pattern.

dignitas

merit, worth, prestige, dignity.

dignosco dignosco

to distinguish, recognize as different.

dignus

(+ abl.) worthy, worthy of, meritorious.

digredior digredi digressus

to depart, deviate, digress.

digressio

separation, departure, digression.

digressus

separation, departure, digression.

dilabor

to break up, scatter, dissolve, slip away, fall apart.

dilato

to spread out, extend, expand, increase.

dilgenter

attentively, earnestly, carefully, diligently.

diligens

diligent, careful.

diligentia

diligence, industry, perseverance, persistence.

diligo

to choose out, esteem highly, prize, love.

diluculo

dawn, daybreak.

diluo

(of troubles) to remove, resolve.

dimidium

half.

dimitto

to break up, dismiss, leave, abandon.

directus

plain, simple, direct, open, straightforward.

diripio

to tear in pieces, lay waste, devastate, plunder.

diripio

to separate, tear apart / pillage, devastate, lay waste.

dirunitas

long duration.

diruo

to demolish, destroy, ruin.

discedo(discessum )

to break up, depart, go away, pass away.

discidium

separation, division, disagreement, tearing apart.

discipulus

disciple, student, learner, pupil.

disco

to learn, become acquainted with.

discrepo

to differ, to be different, vary, disagree.

dispono

to arrange, put in order, draw up (troops).

disputatio

debate, dispute, discussion.

disputo

discuss.

dissero

to examine, treat of, discuss.

dissimilis

unlike, different, disparate, dissimilar, distinct.

dissimulo

to ignore, leave unnoticed.

dissimulo

to conceal, disguise, keep secret.

dissolutus

lax, weak, wanting in energy, dissolute, profligate.

distinguo

to mark off, distinguish, divide / separate.

distribuo

to distribute, divide.

districtus (fr. distringo)

strict, severe / hesitating / busy.

distulo :(past)

:(past) to delay [MGHss 25 : 268].

dito

to enrich, make wealthy.

diu

by day, for a long time, a long time ago.

diu

adv. a long while, long time, for a long time.

diutinus

lasting a long time, enduring, long-lived.

diutius

longer, too long (a period of time).

diuturnus

lasting a long time, of long duration.

diversus

different, unlike, opposed, hostile.

dives

rich, opulent, wealthy.

divinitus

divine influence, admirably, nobly, by inspiration.

divinus

divine, sacred.

divitiae divitie

riches, wealth.

do dare dedi datum

to give, offer, convey, offer, donate, furnish.

doceo docui doctum

to instruct, teach, tutor.

doctor

teacher.

doctrina

doctrine, teaching, instruction, learning.

doctus

taught, instructed, learned, tutored.

dolens

painfully.

doleo

to suffer pain, to be pained, grieve.

dolor

pain, grief. misery, pain, suffering.

dolose

slyly, deceitfully.

dolosus

crafty, cunning, sly, deceitful.

dolus

fraud, deceit, guile, treachery, a trap.

domesticus

domestic, civil.

domina domina

lady, mistress.

dominatus

rule, mastery, tyranny, domination.

dominus domino

master, lord.

domito

to tame, subdue, break in.

domus

house, home, residence.

donec

up to the time when, until, as long as, while.

donum

gift, present, donation.

dormio

to sleep, slumber, siesta, nap.

dubito

to doubt, hesitate.

dubium

doubt, hesitation, reservation.

duco

to lead on the march, marry a wife, command.

duco

to lead, draw, esteem, consider.

duco

to draw, shape, construct / (time) spend, delay.

duco

to charm, influence, mislead, draw in.

duco

to calculate, count, reckon, esteem, considered.

dudum

for a long while, a long while ago, some time age.

dulcedo

sweetness, pleasantness, charm.

dulcidine

sweetly, pleasantly, charmingly.

dulcis

sweet, pleasant, agreeable.

dulcitudo dulcitudinis

dum : while, as long as, until.

dummodo

(conj. + subj.) provided

dumtaxat

at least, not less than / at most, not more than.

duo

two

duro:

to harden, last, endure.

durus

hard, harsh, tough, strong,enduring, / rough, rude, uncouth.

Dusiol petram

Duissenpierre.

dux ducis

leader, guide, commander, general, duke.

eatenus

so far, thus far, up to then.

ebullio

to boil up, bubble up, to appear, produce in abundance.

ecclesia

church.

econtrathe same as contra:

against, opposite, etc.

ecquando

at any time? ever?

edico

to announce, declare.

editio

the publishing of a book, an announcement.

edo

put forth, give out.

edo edi essum

to eat, consume, devour, waste.

edoceo

to inform fully, instruct thoroughly.

educo

to draw out, lead out, march out / bring up, rear / sue.

effectus

doing, execution, performance, effect, result.

effero extuli elatum

to carry out, bury, lift up, exalt.

effervo

to boil up.

efficio

to do, produce, effect, make / bring about, cause / prove.

effringo effrego

break, break open.

effugio(effugi effugiturus )

flee from, escape, elude, run away.

effundo

to pour out, pour forth, shed, utter.

egenus

in want of, in need of, destitute.

egeo

to need, lack, want, be without.

ego

I ; I can’t live without you, baby.

egredior(egressus )

to go out, leave, depart, exit.

eicio eiectum

to throw out, eject, drive out.

elatus

puff-up, proud of oneself, arrogant.

electus

chosen, select.

elementum

first principle, element, basic constituent.

elemosina

alms

elemosinarius

almoner, person in charge of providing charity.

eligo

to pick out, select, choose.

eloquens

eloquent, persuasive, fluent.

eloquentia

eloquence, readiness of speech, fluency, persuasiveness.

eluo

to wash out, rinse cleanse / squander, waste.

eluvies

a flowing over, flood, inundation.

eluvio

inundation.

emanio

to flow out, spread / arise, emanate, originate.

emendo

to amend, correct

emercor

to buy up.

emerio

to obtain by service, earn completely, deserve well.

emineo

to stand out, project, be remarkable, conspicuous.

eminor

to threaten, menace.

eminus

at a distance, from a distance.

emiror

to wonder at exceedingly.

emo emi emptum

to buy, purchase.

emoveo

to move away, remove, take away.

emptio

a buying, a purchase.

enim

for, in fact, truly (may often be omitted)

enumero

to count, count up, enumerate.

eo ire itum

to go, advance, proceed, travel, move along, progress.

episcopalis

episcopal

episcopus

bishop

epistula

letter, epistle, missive, message.

epulo

sumptuous food, banquet, feast.

epulor

to feast, feast on.

eques equitis

horseman, cavalry man rider (classical).

equidem

(adv) indeed, truly, for my part.

equitatus

cavalry, horsemen (classical).

equus

horse, steed, mount.

erepo

to creep out, creep over, creep up.

erga

(+ acc.) toward, about.

ergo

(gen. +) on account of, because of.

ergo

(adv.) accordingly, then, therefore.

eripio(eripui ereptum )

to snatch away, take away, rescue.

erogo

to pay out.

erogo

to pay out, expend, disburse.

erro

to wander, stray, rove / be mistaken, err, go astray.

error

error, mistake, going astray.

erubesco

to blush, grow red, be ashamed.

erubesco

(+ inf.) to blush to, (+acc.) blush for, respect.

erudio

to instruct, teach, educate.

eruo

to dig up, pull out / raze, demolish.

esurio

to be hungry, to hunger.

et … et

both … and.

etenim

for indeed.

etiam

(adv.) even, also.

etsi

(acsi) even if, although.

evenio

to come to pass, happen, befall.

eventus

consequence, issue, result, occurrence, experience.

everto

to turn out, eject, dislodge, overturn / destroy, ruin.

evito

to shun, avoid; also, to kill.

evoco

to draw out, draw on, produce, recall to the colors.

ex improviso

suddenly.

ex(= e )

(prep. + abl.) out of, from within, from / on account of.

exaequo exequo

to be like, equal / make level or even, relate.

excedo

(trans.) to exceed, leave, pass beyond.

excellentia

excellence, merit, worth.

excessum

departure, death, digression.

excipio(excepi exceptum )

to take out, except / take, capture.

excito

call forth, bring about, wake, raise up.

exclamo

to shout, cry aloud, exclaim, call someone by name.

excludo

to shut out, exclude.

excolo

to honor (a deity), polish, adorn, refine, serve.

excrucio

to torment, torture, cause great pain.

excusatio

excuse.

excuso

to exempt from blame, excuse, make excuses, plead.

exemplar

model, pattern, original, prototype, book to copy.

exemplum

pattern, model, example .

exerceo

to train, cultivate, keep at work, exercise, practice.

exercitus

army.

exertus

tested, tried, approved, experienced.

exesto

extra esto.

exheredo

to disinherit.

exheres

disinherited.

exhibeo

to show, present, allow, display, present, offer.

exhibeo exibeo

to produce, show, display, offer, allow, cause.

exhilaro

to make cheerful.

exhorresco

to be horrified, to shake, shudder / dread, tremble at.

exigo

drive out, force out, exact, demand, sell.

exigo

complete, finish, determine, decide, settle.

exilis

thin, slender, meager.

eximietate

uncommonness, excellence.

eximius

extraordinary, excellent, fine, superb.

eximo

to free, release, take out, remove, waste.

exinde

thence, next / thereupon, after that, then / accordingly.

exitiabilis exitialis exitosus

fatal deadly, destructive, lethal.

exitium

destruction, ruin.

exitus

going out, going forth, exit, end, finish.

exordium

the beginning (especially of a speech).

exorior

to rise, spring up, issue, appear, come forward.

exoro

to prevail upon a person, entreat successfully.

exorsus

begun.

expedio

to release, set free, clear, set straight.

expedio

to free from a snare, disentangle, set free, ready.

expello (expuli expulsum )

to drive out, expel, force out, banish.

experior (experiri, expertus )

to try, test, experience, prove.

expers

wanting, destitute of, not sharing in.

expetens

desirous, eager.

expeto

to fall upon.

expeto

to demand, require / desire, strive after, make for.

expilatio

plundering, taking booty.

expiscor

to fish out, find out, discover.

expleo

to make losses good / fulfil, discharge (duties).

expleo explevi expletum

to fill, fill up, complete, finish.

expletio

satisfying.

expletus

(part.) perfect, complete.

explicatus:

explanation, exposition.

explico

to unfold, unroll, disentangle / explain, expound.

expono (exposui expositum )

to set forth, explain, expose.

expositus

open, accessible, exposed.

expostulo

to demand earnestly / to make a claim.

expugno

to capture, overcome, subdue, take by storm, gain.

exquisitus

sought after, exquisite, excellent, fine, delicate.

exsequor

to maintain, keep up, carry out, fulfill, accomplish.

exsequor

to execute, avenge, punish / relate, describe, explain.

exsequor exequor

to follow to the grave, follow to the end.

exsertus exertus

project, thrust forward.

exsilium

exile, banishment.

exspecto

to look for, expect, await, wait for.

exstinguo, exstingui, exstinctum

to extinguish, put out.

exsto

to stand out, be extant, appear, project, show itself.

externus

outer, foreign, outside, external.

extollo

to praise exaggerate / decorate, adorn.

extollo

to lift up, raise up, erect / elevate, exalt.

extorqueo

to twist, wrench, dislocate / extort by force.

extra

(prep. + acc.) beyond, outside.

extremus

outermost, last, extreme.

exturbo

to drive away, thrust out.

exulto

to exult, be joyful.

exuro, exussum

burn down, burn, set on fire.

exustio

burning up, conflagration.

fabula

fable, story, tale, play.

facile

easily.

facilis

easy, agreeable, affable, pleasant.

facillimus

easiest, most agreeable, pleasantest

facina -oris

bad deed, crime, villainy / deed, action.

facio

to sacrifice, suit, help, be of service.

facio

to give permission / to experience, suffer (troubles).

facio

(trans.) to make, do, act, perform, cause, bring about.

factum

deed, accomplishment, work, act, achievement.

facultas

: power, means, opportunity, capacity, ability, stock.

facundiafacultas

feasibility, opportunity, resources, abundance.

facunditas

fertility, quickness or readiness of speech.

faenum fenum

hay.

falsus

false, deceptive.

fama

talk, report, rumor, tradition.

familia

family, household.

familiaris

belonging to a household / friendly, intimate.

famulatus

servitude, slavery, service.

famulus

servant.

fas

divine law or command / fate, destiny / lawful, allowed.

fas est ::

it is right, it is fitting, it is lawful.

fateor

to confess, admit, allow, reveal, make known.

fatigo

worry, fatigue, vex, harass, tease.

fatum

fate, destiny, doom, lot, weird.

fautor

favorer, promoter, patron, partisan, supporter.

faveo

(+ inf.) To be inclined to do.

faveo

(+ dat.) be favorable to, aid, support, help. fawning like that of a dog, cringing flattery.

feculentia

dregs, lees, impurities, filth.

fefello

to be failed by, disappointed by something. Herimann, p. 278.

feliciter

happily.

felix felicis

lucky, fortunate, happy.

femina

woman

fenestra

window.

fere

almost, nearly, not quite, generally.

feretrum

bier, litter.

feritas

wildness, savageness.

ferme, fere

almost, about.

fero tuli latum

to carry, bring, tell, relate, and much else.

ferrum

iron, sword.

ferus

fierce, wild, savage, untamed.

festinatio

speed, haste.

festino

to hasten, hurry, speed.

festinus

hastening, hasty.

feteo

to have a bad odor, stink.

ficus

fig tree.

fidelis

faithful, loyal, true

fidelitas

fidelity, loyalty, homage.

fidens

confident, without fear, courageous.

fides

trust, confidence, reliance, belief, faith.

fides

promise, assurance, word of honor, engagement.

fiducia

confidence, trust, assurance.

filia

daughter

filius

son

fimus

dung, dirt, filth, manure.

fines finium

boundaries, limits, / territory.

finis

end, limit, boundary, purpose.

finitimus finitumus

neighboring, adjacent, related to, similar.

fio, fieri, factus

be made, be done, become.

firmo

to assert, maintain / strengthen, make firm / encourage.

firmus

firm, strong, reliable, solid.

flamma

flame, fire.

flatus

blowing, blast, breathing, arrogance, haughtiness.

flax, falcis

sickle, bill-hook, pruning hook.

fleo

to weep, cry, shed tears, sob.

fluctus

billow, wave.

flumen

river.

fluo

to flow, pour, stream.

fodio

to prick, sting, jab.

fore, forem

future infinitive of sum.

forensis, e

legal.

forma:

form, shape, beauty.

formica

ant.

formo

to shape, form, fashion.

fors fortis

chance, luck, fortune.

forsit forsan forsitan

perhaps, probably.

fortasse

perhaps.

forte

by chance, by luck, accidentally.

fortis

strong, brave.

fortiter

strongly, bravely.

fortitudo

physical strength, courage, moral bravery.

fortuna

fortune, luck, fate, chance.

fortunate

fortunately.

fortunatus

fortunate, lucky, happy.

forum

market place, town square.

foveo fovi fotum

to cherish.

frango (fracta)

to break in pieces, shatter.

frater

brother.

frendo

to gnash one’s teeth, bruise, crush, grind.

frendo

gnash the teeth, crush, bruise, grind.

frequentatio

frequency, crowding.

frequentia

a large concourse, population, numerous assembly.

frequento

to crowd, collect in large number, visit.

frigus

cold, coolness, cold of winter / dullness, indolence.

frons

forehead, brow, front.

fructuarius

fruitful, fertile.

fructus fructus

fruit, profit, enjoyment, produce.

frugalitas

frugality, economy, pinching pennies.

frumentum

grain.

fruor

to have the benefit of, to enjoy.

frustra

in vain, mistakenly, wantonly, without reason.

frustra esse

to be deceived, to be mistaken.

frux, frugi

fruits of the earth.

fuga

flight, escape,

fugio

to flee, escape, run away / avoid, shun.

fugitivusfugitive

deserter, runaway slave.

fugo

to put to flight, chase away, drive into exile, pursue.

fulcio

to support, strengthen, uphold / to besiege, oppress.

fulgeo (fulsi ):

to flash, shine, beam.

fultus

supporter.

fundo

to pour, pour out (like molten metal), melt, cast.

fundo

(milit.) to rout, scatter, defeat, put to flight.

fungor, fungi, functus

to occupy oneself, perform, do, execute.

funis -is

rope, cord, line.

furibundus

raging, furious / inspired.

furor

madness, rage, frenzy.

furs

thief.

furtificus

thievish.

furtim

by stealth, stealthily.

furtumtheft, robbery / furta

stolen property / trick, deceit.

fusus(from fundo)

spread out, extended, wide, copious.

galea

helmet.

Gandavum

Ghent.

gaudium

joy, delight, happiness.

Gemblacensis

Gembloux.

gemo

to sigh, groan, wail.

gens

clan, race, nation, people, tribe.

genus

kind, sort, class, category.

gero

to carry, bear, wear / bear, give birth to / to carry about.

gesto

to carry, bear about.

gestum (gero)

carrying about, conduct (oneself).

gestum (gero)

carriage, bearing / having borne.

gigno (genuit)

to bring forth, bear, beget, father.

glacialis

icy, frozen, full of ice.

gladius

sword.

gloria

fame, renown, glory.

glorior

to glory, boast, pride oneself.

grando, onis

hailstorm.

grassor

go about, go ahead, proceed, attack.

gratia

gratitude, favor.

gratia

in order to, for the sake of, to.

gratia

(in the abl.) on account of.

gratia agere

(+ dat.) to thank.

gratulor

to wish a person joy, congratulate (+dat.),give thanks

gratus

pleasing, agreeable / grateful.

gravatus

sick, oppressed, ill.

gravis

heavy, weighty, serious, important / severe, grievous.

gravitas

weight, seriousness, dignity, importance.

graviter

heavily, seriously.

gravo

to oppress, burden, make suffer.

gregatim

in troops, or crowds.

gregatim

adv., In flocks, herds, troops, crowds.

gusto

to taste.

habeo habui habitum

to have, hold, possess / consider, regard.

habitus

disposed, in a certain condition.

hac

this side, this way, here.

hac

(fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THIS (the sword), …

hactenus

hitherto, up to this point, so far.

hae he

(fem. pl. nom) THESE (speeches) were very fine.

haec hec

(fem. sing. nom.) THIS (sword) is more expensive.

haec hec

(neut. pl. nom.) THESE (kisses) are sweeter than wine.

haec hec

(neut. pl. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).

hanc

(fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THIS (her youth).

harum

(fem. pl. gen.) The city wall had four OF THESE (gates).

has

(fem. pl. acc.) They gave THESE (their lives) for the Faith.

Hasnonium

Hasnon.

haud

no, not at all, by no means.

Helcim

Helchin on the left bank of the Scheldt.

Helnonensis

Elnon. Herimann, p. 279.

Heniis Harniis

Hames.

hereditas

inheritance, often simply “property.”

hesito (haesito)

to be unsure, uncertain, wavering.

hi

(masc. pl. nom.) THESE (men) are loyal to the king.

hic

(adv.) here.

hic

(masc. nom. sing.) THIS (house) is filthy.

hic haec (hec ) hoc

this, the latter / he, she, it.

hilaris

cheerful, merry, gay.

hinc

from this place, hence.

his

(masc. pl. abl.) They passed BY THESE (roads).

his

(masc. pl. dat.) Tell it TO THESE (policemen).

his

(fem. pl. dat.) She gave her property TO THESE (churches).

his

(fem. pl. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).

his

(neut. pl. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).

his

(neut. pl. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).

hoc

(masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THIS (field).

hoc

(neut. sing. nom.) THIS (monastery) is well-built.

hoc

(neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THIS! (doubt)

hoc

(neut. sing. acc.) Break THIS! (fetter)

hodie

today.

hodiernus

of today.

Hoienses

Huy, Belgium, between Liege and Namur.

homo hominis

human being, man.

honor

honor, esteem, public office.

honorabilis

respectful.

hora

hour, time.

hordeum, ordeum

barley.

horrendus

horrible, dreadful.

hortor

exhort, incite, encourage.

hortus ortus

garden / pl. grounds, park.

horum

(masc. pl. gen.) The horses OF THESE (soldiers) are spent.

horum

(neut. pl. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.

hos

(masc. pl. acc.) They burned THESE (houses) to the ground.

hospes

guest, host, stranger.

hostes hostium

the enemy.

hostis

an enemy of the state.

huic

(neut sing. dat.) I’d give my right arm FOR THIS (cooky).

huic

(masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THIS (doctor).

huic

(fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THIS (abbey).

huius

(masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THIS.

huius

(neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THIS (the cost).

huius

(fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THIS (change).

humanitas

kindness, culture, refinement.

humanus

pertaining to man, humane, humane, cultured, refined.

humilis

lowly, humble.

humo

cover with earth, bury,

humus

ground, earth, soil / land, country.

hunc

(masc. sing. acc.) He ate THIS (fruit).

Hunnam

Bunna.

hypocrita

hypocrite

iaceo

to lie, lie prostrate, lie dead.

iacio

to throw, cast, hurl, lay, scatter, diffuse.

iaculator:

a thrower, javelin man, spear thrower.

iaculum

dart, javelin, short spear.

iam

now, by now, already / presently, immediately, soon.

iam

moreover, henceforth, indeed, just, further.

ianua

door.

ibi

there

ictus

blow, bite, stroke, bolt, thrust.

idcirco

on that account, for that reason, for that purpose.

idem eadem idem

the same.

identidem

again and again, repeatedly.

ideo

for that reason, on that account, therefore.

idoneus

proper, worthy, fitting, deserving, capable.

igitur

therefore, consequently, for this reason.

ignarus

ignorant, not knowing.

ignavus

lazy, listless, inert, sluggish cowardly, a coward.

ignis

fire.

ignoroto be ignorant of, not know / rarely:

neglect, overlook.

ignosco:

(+ dat.) to overlook, forgive, pardon.

ignotus

unknown, obscure, ignorant, ignoble.

ilico

on the spot, immediately.

illa

(fem. sing. nom.) THAT (sword) is more expensive.

illa

(neut. pl. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).

illa

(fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THAT (the sword), …

illa

(neut. pl. nom.) THOSE (arms) belong to the victor.

illacrimo

(+ dat.) to weep over.

illae ille

(fem. pl. nom.) THOSE (women) must die!

illarum

(fem. pl. gen.) The city wall had four OF THOSE (gates).

illas

(fem. pl. acc.) They gave THOSE (their lives) for the Faith.

illatafrom infero

to cause, occasion, etc.

illaturos

from infero “they would cause.”

ille

(masc. nom. sing.) THAT (house) is filthy.

ille illa illud

that, the former, the famous / he, she, it.

illi

(fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THAT (abbey).

illi

(masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THAT (doctor).

illi

(masc. pl. nom.) THOSE (men) are loyal to the king.

illi

(neut sing. dat.) i’d give my right arm FOR THOSE (cookies).

illiam

(fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THAT (her youth).

illic

there, at that place, therein, in that matter.

illis

(masc. pl. dat.) Tell it TO THOSE (Marines).

illis

(fem. pl. dat.) She gave her property TO THOSE (churches).

illis

(neut. pl. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).

illis

(fem. pl. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).

illis

(masc. pl. abl.) They passed BY THOSE (roads).

illis

(neut. pl. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).

illius

(fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THAT (change).

illius

(neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THAT (the cost).

illius

(masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THAT.

illo

(neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THAT! (doubt)

illo

(masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THAT (field).

illorum

(masc. pl. gen.) The horses OF THOSE (soldiers) are spent.

illorum

(neut. pl. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.

illos

(masc. pl. acc.) They burned THOSE (houses) to the ground.

illuc

thither, to that place, to that matter, to that person.

illud

(neut. sing. nom.) THAT (monastery) is well-built.

illud

(neut. sing. acc.) Break THOSE (fetters)!

illudo illusi illusum

to mock, make fun of, ridicule

illum

(masc. sing. acc.) He ate THAT (fruit).

imago

image, likeness.

imber ymber

rain shower, rain storm, pelting rain.

imbrium

of rain.

imcompositeadv from incompositus

incompositione in Herimann.

imitabilis

that can be imitated,

imitor

to imitate.

immanitas

savagery, frightfulness.

immerito

adv. undeservingly, without merit, unjustifiably.

immineo

to hang over, be imminent, threaten.

immo

by all means, by no means, on the contrary.

immodicus

immoderate, excessive, beyond measure.

immortalis

immortal.

immotus

unmoved.

immunda

unclean, impure, dirty, foul.

immundus

foul, impure.

impedimentum

hindrance, impediment, obstacle, difficulty.

impedio

entangle, ensnare, obstruct, surround, hinder, prevent.

impedito

a hinderance.

impedo

to entangle, ensnare, hinder, prevent, obstruct.

impello

to drive against, strike upon.

impello impuli impulsum

to set in motion, impel, urge on.

impendeo

to hang over, threaten, menace, be imminent.

impendium

expenditures, outlay, interest on a loan.

impendo

to lay out, expand, weigh out.

impenetrabiilis

impenetrable.

impensa

expense, outlay.

imperator

commander in chief, general, emperor.

imperceptus

unperceived / unknown,

imperiosus

imperious, domineering, powerful.

imperium

power to command, authority, command, rule, control.

impero

to give orders, command / to rule, hold sway.

impetro

to get, accomplish, effect, obtain (by asking).

impetus

attack, onset, rapid motion / impulse, passion, force.

impleo

to fill in (or up), satisfy, content, fulfil, perform.

importo

to bring in, introduce, import / bring upon, cause.

importunus

unsuitable, unfavorable, troublesome / inconsiderate.

impraesentiarum

for the present, in present circumstances.

imprimis

especially, particularly, specifically.

improbus

inferior, bad, wicked, persistent, perverse, bold.

improvidus

improvident, negligent, thoughtless, feckless.

improviso

unexpected

impudens

impudent, shameless, insolent, presumptuous.

impudenter

impudently, insolently, presumptuously.

impunitus

unpunished, unrestrained, safe.

imputo

to lay to a charge, enter in an account, impute to.

in

(+ acc.) into, toward, against.

in

(+ abl.) in.

in praesentia

for the present.

inanis

empty, vain, inane.

incassum

in vain.

inceptor

beginner.

inceptum

beginning, attempt, enterprise.

incertus

uncertain, doubtful, unsure, hesitant.

incido

to fall in or on, fall in with / happen, occur.

incido in mentionem

to happen to mention.

incipio

to take in hand, begin, commence.

incito

to excite, spur, inspire, increase / hasten, urge on.

inclino

to bend, incline, turn, change / fall back, waver.

includo

to shut in, enclose, establish a siege, surround.

inclutus / inclitus

celebrated, famous, renowned.

incola, ae

resident, inhabitant of a place.

incompositus

disorder, lack of regularity.

inconsulte

indiscreetly.

incontinencia

lack of restrain, incontinence.

incorruptus

uncorrupted, genuine, pure.

incredibilis

incredible, unbelievable.

increpare

to rebuke, chide, scold.

increpo

(of persons) to chide, rebuke.

incubo

to hang over, dwell in, lie heavily upon.

incurro

to run into, assail, attack, raid into, come upon.

Inda

Cornelism / Anster.

indagatio

investigation.

inde

thence, from there, for that reason, thereafter, then.

indebitus

not owed, not due.

indico

to proclaim, make publicly known, announce, disclose.

indigeo

to require, need, stand in need of.

indignatio

indignation.

indignus

unworthy, lacking in merit, unfit.

indo (past indidi)

to establish, cause, occasion.

indomitus

untamed, wild.

induco

cover, put on clothing, erase writing, revoke, annul.

induco

bring in, introduce, induce, persuade / decide.

induco indux inductum

to lead in, introduce, induce, influence.

industria

industry, diligence.

industrius

industrious, diligent, assiduous, hard-working.

indutiae

truce, armistice, suspension of hostilities.

inedicabilis

unexplainable, inexplicable.

ineptio

to play the fool, to trifle.

inexpugnabilis

impregnable, unconquerable, not to be taken by force.

infamo

to put to shame, disgrace.

infantia

infancy, babyhood.

infector

dyer.

infectum reddere

to revoke, render impossible, make void, annul.

infectus

unworked / not done, unfinished, incomplete.

infecunditas

barrenness, sterility.

infecundus

barren, sterile.

infelicitas

bad luck, misfortune,

infeliciter

unhappily.

infelix

unfruitful, barren, unproductive, infertile.

infelixarbor infelix

the gallows.

infenso

to attack, avenge.

infensus

hostile, aggressive / (arms) aimed, ready / (spirit) dangerous.

inferi

those down below, the dead.

inferne

on the lower side, below.

infero

To carry in, put or place on.

infero

(in logic) to infer, conclude.

infero(abstract things)

bring on, occasion, cause.

inferus

below, under, southern.

infervesco

to come to a boil, become hot.

infeste

in a hostile manner, belligerently.

infesto

to attack, disquiet.

infestus

aggressive, hostile, dangerous.

inficio infeci infectum

to poison, taint, corrupt.

inficio infeci infectum

to tinge, dye, stain, imbue.

infidelis

unfaithful, disloyal, untrue.

infidelitas

faithlessness, disloyalty.

infideliter

faithlessly, disloyally.

infidus

untrue, disloyal.

infigo

to fix, fasten / to imprint, impress.

infindo infidi infissum

to cut into.

infinitas infinitio

eternity, infinity, endlessness.

infinitus

unlimited, infinite, without bounds, boundless, limitless.

infirmatio

weakening / refusing / invalidating.

infirme

weakly, faintly.

infirmitas

weakness, feebleness / instability, fickleness.

infirmo

to weaken / shake / invalidate, annull

infirmus

not strong, weak, feeble / (sometimes) sick, ill.

infit

he, she, or it begins, begins to speak.

infitialis

negative, containing a no, rejection.

infitias ire

to deny.

infitior

to deny / deny a debt, refuse to return something.

inflammatio

setting afire / (people) inflaming / (souls) inspiring.

inflammo

to set on fire, inflame, to torch, kindle.

inflatio

inflation, flatulence.

inflatius

too pompous / on a grander scale.

inflatus

pompous, swollen, puffed up, inflated.

inflatus

blowing into, blast, inspiration.

inflecto

to warp / change, sway, affect.

inflecto inflexi inflectum

to bend, bow, curve.

infletus

unwept, unmourned, unlamented.

inflexio

a bendings, swaying.

inflexus

bending, curving.

infligo inflixi inflictum

to strike, hit, knock / cause damage.

inflo

to blow into / to inspire, puff up, elate.

influo influi influxum

to flow in / to rush in, steal in.

infodio infodi infossum

to dig in, bury.

informatio

concept, idea.

informis

formless, shapeless / deformed, hideous.

infortunatus

unfortunate, unhappy, unlucky.

infortunium

misfortune, bad luck / punishment.

infra

(adv.) below, underneath / to the south, in the underworld.

infra

(+ acc.) below, under / (time) later than

infra inferius infimus

low down.

infula

insignia of office.

ingemuo = dat.

to groan, sigh over.

ingenium

innate character, talent, nature.

ingens

of immoderate size, vast, huge, monstrous, remarkable.

ingero

to go off to, betake oneself to, pour forth, inflict.

ingratus

ungrateful, unpleasant, disagreeable.

ingravesco

to become heavy, become a burden.

inicio inieci iniectum

to throw on, put on, don / inspire.

inimicus

personal enemy, foe, opponent.

iniquus

unequal, unjust, unfair.

initium

beginning, start, commencement, origin.

iniuria

injury, damage, hurt / injustice, wrong.

iniustus

unjust, inequitable, unfair.

innotesco

to become know, noted.

innotesco, innotui

to become known.

innuo

to give a nod to, give a sign to.

inolesco

to grow in or on.

inops

poor, helpless, in need

inquam

I say.

inquis

you say.

inquit

he, she, it says.

inrideo

to laugh at, mock, ridicule.

inritus irritus

void, invalid, in vain, useless, ineffectual.

inruo irruo

to rush in, fling in.

insania

insanity, irrationality, madness, folly.

insciens

unknowing, unaware, ignorant.

inscribo

inscribe, entitle, enlist.

insensatus

irrational.

insequor

to follow, pursue, assail, reproach, rebuke, attack.

inservio

to be a slave, serve, be devoted to.

insideo

sit upon something, be firmly placed.

insidiae

(pl.) treachery, ambush, plot, conspiracy.

insinuo

to insinuate, work one’s way in, intimate.

insistoto enter upon [a journey]

to enter upon [a journey] tread; (with d.) follow.

insolita

unaccustomed, unusual.

insolitus

unaccustomed / unusual, strange, uncommon.

insons insontis

guiltless, innocent.

insperatus

unexpected, unlooked for, unanticipated.

instanter

urgently.

instar

a form, figure, after the fashion of, like.

instigo

to goad, incite, stimulate, urge.

instituo

to establish, found, institute.

insto

to pursue eagerly, devote oneself to.

instructus

trained, taught.

instructus (from instruo)

equipped, trained, supplied.

instruo

to built in, set up, construct, furnish / train.

instruo

prepare, provide / draw up an order of battle.

Insula

Lille.

Insula

island.

insurgo insurgi insurrectum

to rise up, rebel, revolt.

integer

whole, untouched, unhurt, undamaged / complete, entire.

intellego intellexi intellectum

to understand, comprehend, see.

intempestivus:

unseasonable, untimely, immoderate.

intendo

to stretch, strain, try to prove.

intendo

to extend, aim, direct, direct one’s course, aim at.

intentio

effort, exertion, attention, intent / attack, accusation.

intentus

thorough, tense, anxious, strict.

inter

(+ acc.) between, among.

intercipio intercepi interceptum

to intercept

interdico

to forbid, prohibit, outlaw, gain an injunction.

interdico

to forbid, prohibit, interdict.

interdum

sometimes, now and then, at times.

intereo

to perish, die.

interficio interfeci interfectum

to kill, murder, slay.

interrogatio

interrogation, inquiry.

intro

to walk into, enter, make one’s way into.

introduco

to lead in, introduce.

intueor

to look at attentively, gaze at, consider.

intumesco

to swell up, increase, swell with anger.

intumesco

to sell, sell up, sell with anger.

intus

within.

inultus

unavenged, unpunished.

invado

to undertake, go in, enter, get in.

invado

to assail, usurp, seize, attack, fall upon.

invalesco

to gather strength, become stronger.

invenio

to come upon, find, discover.

inventor

inventor, discoverer.

investigo

to track down, investigate.

inveteratus

hardened by age, of long-standing.

invetero

to give duration, to render old

invicem

one after the other, by turns, mutually, each other.

invictus

unconquer, unconquerable, undefeated.

invideo

to envy, be jealous of, look upon with envy.

invidia

envy, jealousy, hatred.

inviso

to go to see, visit, inspect, look at.

invisus

hated, hateful.

invito

to invite, summon.

invitus

unwilling, against one’s will.

ioco iocor

to joke, jest, make merry.

iocus

joke, jest, jape, gag.

ipse ipsa ipsum

himself, herself, itself.

ipsemet

his own very self.

ira

anger, wrath.

irascor iratus

to be angry, to be wrathful.

iratus

angry, wrathful.

irrito

to irritate, exasperate, excite.

irritum

nothingness, worthlessness, vanity.

irritus

vain, useless, ineffectual, of not effect.

irritus

undecided, void, unfixed, of no effect.

is ea id

this, that / he, she, it.

iste ista istud

that / sometimes pejorative.

ita

so, thus.

ita

(in narration) and so; (with adj. or adv.) so, so very.

ita ut

(with subj.) in such a way that,

itaque

(adv.) and, so, therefore.

iter itineris

road, route, journey.

itero

to repeat, say again, iterate.

iterum

again, a second time, once more.

iubeo iussi iussum

to order, command.

iucunditas

pleasure, charm.

iucundus

agreeable, pleasant, gratifying.

iudex

judge, juror.

iudicium

judgment, decision, opinion, trial

iudico

to judge, consider

iugis iuge

perpetual, continuous.

iugis, e

perpetual, continuous.

iumentum

beast of burden.

iungo iunxi iunctum

to join

iuro

to swear, to make an oath.

ius iurandum iuris iurandi etc.

oath.

ius iuris

justice, law, right.

iussu

(abl.) at the command of, by order of.

iustus

just, right, equitable.

iuvo

to help, aid, assist / to please.

iuxta

just short of.

iuxta

close by, near / in like manner, equally.

iuxta

(+ acc.) close to, near to / (time) just before.

jaculum

dart, javelin.

judicium

trial, legal investigation, judgement, decision.

jugis

adj. continual, ceaseless, perennial, constant.

jugiter

continually, perpetually, constantly / instantly.

jumentum

draft animal.

juvenis

young man, youth.

juventus

the age of youth (20-40 years).

labefacio labefeci labefactum

to shake, loosen / impair.

labefacto

to weaken, disturb / shake violently.

labellum

a little lip / a small washing vessel.

labes labis

stain, blemish, disgrace, infamy / misfortune.

labia labium :lip (labiae

lips).

labiosus

having large lips.

labo

to totter, sink, begin to fall.

labor

hardship, fatigue, distress.

labor laboris

labor, work, toil

labor lapsus

to slip, glide, slide.

labores solis

eclipse of the sun.

laboriose

laboriously, with great effort

laboriosus

toilsome, laborious / (persons) industrious, toiling.

laboro

(intrans.) to work, toil, suffer, be afflicted, be troubled.

laboro

(trans.) work out, prepare, arrange, form, elaborate.

labrum

lip, edge, rim / bathing tub.

labrusca

wild grape vine.

labruscum

the wild grape.

lac lactis

milk.

lacer

torn, mangled, cut to pieces.

laceratio

a tearing, mangling.

lacero

to tear to pieces, mangle / squander money / slander someone.

lacerta

lizard.

lacertosus

muscular, powerful.

lacertus

the upper arm / strength.

lacesso

to harass, attack.

lacrima

tears / exudations from some plants.

lacrima Heliandum

amber.

lacrimabilis

lamentable, deplorable, woeful.

lacrimo

to weep, shed tears / exude, drip.

lacrimosus

tearful, mournful, shedding tears,

lactans

giving milk.

lactatio

enticement, come-on.

lacteus

milky, of milk, milk-white.

lacteus

of milk, milky, milk-white.

lacto

to allure, entice, wheedle.

lactuca

lettuce.

lacuna

missing letters, words, or phrases in a manuscript.

lacuna

a hole, empty space / pond, pool / deficiency, loss.

lacunar

panelled ceiling.

lacus

a hollow / lake, pool, pond, trough, tank, tub.

laedo ledo

strike, hit, hurt, damage, offend, annoy, violate.

laesio lesio

rhetorical attack / wounding.

laetabilis letabilis

joyous, glad.

laetans

rejoicing, joyous.

laetatio letatio

rejoicing, joy.

laetifico letifico

to fertilize / cheer, gladden, delight.

laetificus letificus

gladdening, joyous, spreading happiness.

laetitia letitia

fertility / richness, grace / joy, delight.

laeto leto

to cheer, gladden, make joyful.

laetor letor

to rejoice, be joyful.

laeve leve

left-handedly, awkwardly.

laevus levus

foolish, silly / unlucky, unpropitious.

laevus levus

the left hand, left side, left-handed.

laganum

a cake.

lama

bog, slough.

lambo

to lick / (of rivers) to wash.

lamenta (neut. pl)

weeping, wailing.

lamentabilis

lamentable, mournful.

lamentatio

weeping, wailing, lamenting.

lamentor

to weep, wail, lament / (trans.) to bewail.

lamia

witch, vampire.

lamnia lammina lamna

sheet of metal, coin, knife blade, nutshell.

lapsus

fall, fault, error, sliding, graduate movement.

laqueum

noose, halter, snare, trap.

laqueus

snare, trap, noose.

largior

lavish, bestow, grant, give abundantly.

lascivio

to run riot, play, be wanton.

lasesco

to become tired, grow weary.

latus -eris

sides, flank / lungs /

laudator

praiser.

laudo

to praise, extoll, commend / name, mention, cite, quote.

Laudunum

Laon.

laus

praise, glory, fame.

lebes

copper kettle, basin, cauldron.

lectica

litter, bier.

lector

reader.

lectus

bed.

legatarius

legatee.

legatus

deputy, ambassador, envoy,

legens legentis

a reader.

legio

legion

lego

to gather, choose, collect, pass through, read,

lemiscus

a ribbon.

lemma

theme, title, epigram.

lemures

(pl. only) ghosts, phantoms.

lenimentus

alleviation, improvement, mitigation.

lenio

to mitigate, relieve, make better.

lenis

smooth / gentle, kind, mild.

lenitas lenitudo

smoothness, gentleness, mildness.

leno

procurer, go-between.

lenocinium

enticement, allurement.

lenocinor

to pander, flatter, make up to / to promote, advance.

lens lentis

lentil.

lente

slowly, calmly, cooly, deliberately.

lentesco

to become soft, flexible, sticky / to weaken, slacken.

lentitudo

slowness, apathy, sluggishness.

lento

to bend.

lentulus

rather slow, a little slow.

lentus

lethargic, inactive / slow, lingering.

lentus

tough, resistant, tenacious / supple, pliant /

Leo

lion.

Leodie

Liege.

lepide

charmingly, wittily, elegantly, pleasantly.

lepidus

charming, witty, pleasant, elegant.

lepor lepos

charm, wit, elegance.

lepus

hare, rabbit.

Lesciense, monastery of

Liessies.

letalis

mortal, deadly, fatal.

letaliter

mortally, fatally.

letanie

litany

lethargus

drowsiness, apathy, sleepiness, coma.

letifer

deadly, mortal.

leto

to kill, slay.

letum

death, ruin, annihilation.

levamen

alleviation, mitigation, solace, refreshment.

levamentum

comfort, easing, alleviation, consolation.

levatio

alleviation, mitigation, solace.

leviculus

empty-headed, vain, silly.

levidensis

thin, slight, poor.

levis

rapid, swift / unimportant / fickle, inconstant / unstable.

levis

light, slight, trivial / beardless, bald / light-armed.

levitas

lightness, levity / fickleness, inconstancy / groundlessness.

leviter

lightly, softly, slightly.

levo

to smooth, polish.

levo

to raise, lift up / relieve, ease / diminish, weaken, impair.

lex legis

law, statute / covenant, agreement

libatio

libation.

libellus

little book.

libenter

willingly, with pleasure.

liber

child, offspring.

liber libera, liberum

free, independent, unrestricted.

liber libri

book.

liberalis

courteous, generous, gentlemanly.

liberalitas

courtesy, kindness, generousity / a grant.

liberaliter

courteously, generously, honorably.

liberatio

release, liberation, acquittal, setting free.

libere

freely, openly, frankly.

libero

to liberate, set free.

libero

to lift (an obstacle), raise.

libero

to set free, deliver, liberate, release / exempt

libertas

freedom, liberty, independence / frankness, candor.

libido

whim, caprice, violent desire, passionate longing.

licet

granted that, although / it is allowed, one may or can.

licet

(as conj.) granted that, although.

ligo

to bind, tie.

lima

file, polishing, revision.

limen, limina

threshold.

lingua

language, tongue, speech.

lino

to smear, befoul, dirty.

linteum

linen, napkin.

liquidus

fluid, flowing, liquid / clear, evident, certain.

litigo

to quarrel, dispute.

littera

letter (of the alphabet).

litterae

(pl.) letter, epistle, missive, note / literature.

loci

(pl.) passages in literary works.

loco

to place, put, position.

locupleto

to enrich, make wealthy.

locus

place, location, situation, spot.

loginquitas

distance, remoteness, isolation.

longe

far.

longe lateque

far and wide.

longus

long

loquax loquacis

talkative, loquacious, garrulous.

loquor locutus

to say, speak, tell.

loricatus

wearing armor, armored.

lubricus

oily, slippery, slick.

lucerna

lamp.

lucror

to gain, profit, win.

lucrosus

profitable, gainful.

lucrum

gain, profit.

luctisonus

sad-sounding, mournful, baleful.

luctus

lamentation, mourning, grief.

ludio ludius

actor, player

ludo lusi lusum

to play, sport / imitate, banter / delude, deceive.

ludus

game, sport, school.

lues

plague, pestilence, calamity.

lugeo

to mourn, be in mourning, grieve / (tans,) to lament, bewail.

luna

moon.

lupus

wolf.

Lutosensis

Leuze.

lux lucis

light.

luxuria

luxury, extravagance, opulence.

macellarius

butcher, slaughter-house.

macer

thin, lean.

macero

to soften, weaken, reduce, torment.

macies

thiness, gauntness / poverty barrenness

macresco

to become lean, skinny, thin.

mactabilis

deadly, lethal.

macto

to magnify, glorify, honor / slay, fight, punish, afflict.

macula

stain, mark, spot / blemish, fault, flaw.

maculo

to stain, blemish, defile, pollute.

maculosus

spotted, speckled, polluted.

madesco

to get wet.

madide

drunkenly.

madidus

wet, moist, soaked, boiled, soft, drunk, dyed, steeped.

mador

wetness, moisture.

maero

to grieve, sorrow.

maeror meror

mourning, grief, sorrow.

magis

more, to a greater extent, rather, for preference

magister

master, canon / master of a school, professor.

magnopere magnus opere

very, very much.

magnus maior maximus

large, great, important.

magus

magical.

maiestas

majesty, dignity, greatness.

maiores

(pl.) ancestors.

Malbodiensis

Maubeuge.

male peius pessime

badly, ill, wrongly.

malens

preferring.

Malmundarium

Malmedy.

malo mallui malus

to choose, prefer.

malum

evil, misfortune, misdeed, crime, injury, damage.

malus peior pessimus

bad, wicked, evil.

mancipo

to sell formally, give up.

mancipo mancepo

to sell formally, turn over, give into charge.

mandatum

order, decree, mandate, instruction.

mando

to commit, entrust, order, command.

mane

morning, early in the morning, early.

manentia

permanency.

maneo

to remain, stay, stay the night, last, endure, abide by.

mansuetus

mild, soft, gentle.

manus manus

hand, band, handwriting.

Marceniense

Marchiennes,

Marcieniensis

Marchiennes.

mare maris

sea.

maritus

husband.

mater matris

mother.

matera, mairia

?vat, for the fermentation of beer.

materia

material, substance, matter.

matertera

maternal aunt.

matrimonium

marriage.

maxime

greatly, exceedingly, to the highest degree, very.

maxime

especially, particularly, principally.

me

(acc.) me / that old black magic has ME in its spell.

me

(abl.) me / you’ll do fine with ME, baby.

medicus

doctor, physician.

mediocris

ordinary, average, fair, moderate, mediocre.

meditor meditatus

to reflect upon, consider, ponder / practice.

medius

middle, the middle of.

mei

my, mine / MY heart belongs to daddy. that old gang of MINE.

mel mellis

honey.

melior

better.

mellitus

honeyed, sweet as honey.

membrana

thin skin, film, parchment, membrane, prepared skin.

memini meminisse

to remember.

memor

mindful, remembering, grateful, thoughful, prudent.

memoratus

mentioned.

memoria

memory, remembrance, recall, recollection.

mendosus

faulty, full of faults.

mens mentis

mind, thought, intention, intellect.

mensa

table.

mensis mensis

month.

merces mercedis

pay, reward, recompense, compensation.

mereo

deserve, gain, obtain, serve as a soldier.

mereo, mereor

deserve, earn, be entitled to, merit.

meretrix meretricis

prostitute, whore, harlot.

meridianus

midday, afternoon, south.

mestitia

misfortune?

Metim

Metz.

metuo

to fear, dread, be frightened.

metus

fear, dread, anxiety.

meus

my.

mica

crumb, morsel, grain.

mihi

(dat.) me / give ME land, lots of land.

miles militis

soldier, warrior, knight.

milia

(pl.) thousands.

militaris -e

of a soldier, military, martial.

mille

a thousand.

millies milies

a thousand times.

minime

in the least degree, very little / not at all, by no means

minimus

least, smallest, slightest.

ministro

to serve, wait upon, provide, supply.

ministro

to attend, wait upon, assist.

minor

smaller, less, slighter.

minuo minui minutum

To less, diminish, decrease, grow smaller.

mire

wonderfully, marvellously, uncommonly.

miro

to wonder.

miror

to marvel at, admire, wonder.

mirus

wonderful, astonishing, extraordinary.

misceo miscui mixtum

to mix, mingle, blend.

miser

wretched, unfortunate, miserable.

misere

wretchedly, miserably.

misereo, misereor

to pity.

misericordia

pity, mercy.

missa

holy mass

mitesco

to grow mild, ameliorate.

mitigo

to make mild or ripe, make smooth, pacify, appease.

mitis

mild, gentle / ripe, mature.

mitto misi missum

to send, dispatch.

modestus

orderly, within bounds, moderate, restrained.

modica

moderate, within bounds, limited, undistinguished.

modicus

ordinary, undistinguished, within bounds.

modio

a grain measure, a bushel basket.

modo

now, just now, only.

modus

measure, bound, limit / manner, method, mode, way.

Moguntienses

Mainz.

moleste

take annoyance

moleste fero

I take annoyance.

molestia

annoyance, troublesomeness / stiffness, affectation.

molestus

troublesome, disagreeable, annoying.

molior

to build, erect, construct, contrive, toil, struggle.

mollio

to soften, make pliant.

mollis

adj. soft, pliant, flexible, easily moved, gentle.

monachus

monk.

Monasteriense

Munster.

monasterium

monastery, abbey, convent.

moneo

to warn, admonish, remind, advise, instruct.

monitio

admonition, warning.

mons montis

mountain, mount.

monstro

to show, appoint, point out, ordain.

monstrum

portent, omen, monster.

Montensem

Mons.

mora

delay

moratlis

mortal.

morbus

sickness, disease, illness.

mores, morium

ways, conduct, character, morals.

morior

to die, wither away, decay.

mors mortis

death.

morsus

a biting, bite, also, sting, pain.

mortifera

deadly things

mortuus

dead, deceased, passed away, gone West, departed.

mos moris

will, inclination / custom, wont, usage, rule.

moveo moti motum

to move, arouse, affect, influence.

mox

soon, presently, then, thereupon.

mucro

a sharp point, edge, dagger point.

mugio

to groan, bellow, roar, low.

mulier

woman.

multi

many, numerous / the common herd.

multo

by much, by far, by a great deal, by a lot.

multum

much, greatly.

multus

much, great

multus plus plurimum

much, a lot.

multusne multus

briefly, in brief.

mundo

to clean.

mundus

world, universe.

mundus

clean, neat, elegant.

munero / munerior

to give, present.

munimentum

fortification, protection, defenses.

munio

to fortify, defend, protect / build a road.

munitio

fortifying, defense works, bridging, fortification.

munus muneris

service, office, function, duty / gift.

mus muris

mouse.

mussito

to grumble, mutter.

mutatio

change, alteration, transformation.

muto

to change, alter / exchange.

muto

punish, fine, mulct.

mutuo

borrowed, lend,

mutuus

interchanged, mutually, reciprocal / reciprocity.

mutuusa loan. dare mutuumN namnamque

to make a loan. N (conj.) for.

Namucense

Namur.

narro

to make known, say, speak, narrate.

nascor nasci natus

to be born, spring forth.

natalis natalis

birthday.

natio

nation, people.

natura

nature

nauta

sailor.

navigatio

voyage, navigation.

navigo

to sail, navigate.

navis navis

ship, vessel, boat.

ne

(conj.) that … not, in order that … not, in order not to.

ne … quidem

not … even.

necdum (neque dum)

and not yet.

necessarius

necessary, needed, essential.

necesse

(adj.) necessary, unavoidable, indispensable.

necne

or not.

neco

to kill, slay, put to death.

nefas

wrong, sin.

nego

to deny.

negotium

employment, business, task, occupation, pains.

nemo

no one, nobody.

neo

to spin, interweave. (to spin thread and yarn).

nepos nepotis

grandson.

nequam

worthless, good for nothing, bad.

nequaquam

by no means, not at all.

neque … neque

neither … nor.

neque nec

and not, nor.

nequeo

not to be able, to be impossible.

nequitia nequities

worthlessness, badness, wickedness.

nescio

to be ignorant, be unaware, not know, be unknowing.

nichilominus

nevertheless.

nidor

vapor, smell, reek, odor.

niger

black.

nihil

(undeclinable) nothing

nihilum

nothing.

nimirum

of course, undoubtedly, certainly (sometimes ironical).

nimis

(adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively

nimium

(adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively.

nisi

if not, unless, except.

niteo

to shine, glitter, be bright, glow, be sleek, flourish.

nitesco

to begin to shine, grow sleek.

nitor

to strive, exert oneself, make an effort, persevere.

nitor

to rest, lean, support oneself / trust in, depend upon.

nitor

brilliance, brightness, glow, elegance, splendor.

Nivellensem

Nivelles, city and monastery.

niveus

white, snowy.

no: (nare, navi)

to swim, float, fly, sail.

nobis

(abl.) us / there’ll be no one as happy as US.

nobis

(dat.) us / the world belongs to US.

nocens

bad, wicked, injurious, culpable, evil.

noceo

(+ dat.) to do harm to, inflict injury, hurt.

nolo, nolle, nolui

to be unwilling, wish not to, refuse.

nomenname / nomen Romanorum:

Roman power.

nominatim

by name, expressly.

nomine tenus

nominally, in name.

nomine tenus nominetenus

as far as the meaning of the word extends.

non

not.

nondum

not yet

nonnisi

not? not unless? Herimann, cap. 34.

nonnullus

some / pl. several.

nonnumquam

sometimes.

nonus

ninth.

nos

we / WE live and die by that creed.

nos

us / they tried to tell US we’re too young.

nosco

to become acquainted with, get to know.

noster nostra nostrum

our, ours.

noster nostri

our ours / OUR hearts beat as one.

noster nostri

our ours / that old dream of OURS

nota

mark, token, note, sign.

notarius

stenographer (class.), notary, legal scribe.

novem

nine.

novitas

newness, novelty, strangeness.

novo

to make anew, refresh, revive, change, alter, invent.

novus

novel, unusual, extraordinary / news, novelty, a new thing

novus

new, fresh, young, inexperienced, revived, refreshed.

nox noctis

night.

nullus

not any, no, none.

numerus

total, category, class, number.

numquam

adv. at no time, never.

nunc

now, at the present time.

nunc quidem

at one time … then.

nunquam

never.

nuntio

to announce, report, relate.

nuntius

messenger, message.

nuper

newly, recently, not long ago.

nusquam

nowhere, in no place, nothing, for nothing, never.

nusquam esse

not to exist.

nutrimens

food, nourishment.

nutrimentus

nourishment.

nutrio

to suckle, nourish, bring up, rear.

nutus

a nodding, nod, command, will.

nutus

a nod, command, will / gravitation, movement down.

obdormio

to fall asleep.

obduro

to be hard, persist, endure, last, hold out.

obicio obieci obiectum

to offer, throw in someone’s teeth.

obligatus

bound, under an obligation.

obliquo

to turn sideways, turn aside.

oblittero

to cancel, blot out.

oblivio

forgetfulness, oblivion.

obruo

to overwhelm, destroy.

obsequium

indulgence, pliancy, submission.

obstinatus

firm, resolved, staunch.

obtestor

to implore, entreat, beg, call as a witness.

obtineo

to hold, keep, possess, maintain / to continue.

obviam

on the way, in the way / (+ dat.) towards, against.

obviam ire

(+ dat.) to go to meet, oppose / help, remedy.

obvius

on the way, in the way / (in dat.) open, accessible.

occasio

favorable moment, opportunity.

occido occidi occasum

to fall, fall down, (for the sun) to set.

occulto

secretly.

occupo

to take possession, grasp, seize, enjoy, get a start on.

occurro

to fall upon, attack, work against, counteract.

occursus

meeting, falling in, running into each other.

ocius

quick. fleet, sooner, faster.

oculus

eye.

odio

to hate, despite, hold in contempt, dislike strongly.

odium

hatred.

offensio

striking, knocking, hitting against, blow.

offero

to bring forward, place before, present, offer, expose.

officina

workshop, factor.

officium

duty, service, job.

olim

at that time, formerly, once, for a long time now.

omitto

to omit, leave out / let go.

omnigenus

of all kinds.

omnino

altogether, entirely, wholly, certainly, completely.

omnipotens

all-powerful, almighty, omnipotent

omnis

all, every.

onero

to load, burden, oppress, fill up.

onus

load, burden, weight, trouble / charge, public road tax.

opera

work, pains, labor.

operor

to work, labor, toil, take pains.

opes

(pl.) means, wealth, abundance, riches, resources.

opinio

opinion, report, rumor, conjecture, report.

opisthotonos

A disease where the body is curved backward.

oporotheca

place for keeping fruit.

oportet

it is proper, one should, one ought.

oportunitas

convenience, fitness, advantage, opportunity.

oppono opposui oppositum

to set against, oppose, be opposite.

opportune

(adv) opportunely, conveniently.

opportunitas

fitness, suitability, convenience, advantage.

opportunitatus

Herimann, cap. 42.

opportunus

opportune, fit, convenient, suitable.

opportunus

fit, suitable / (time) favorable / (+dat.) liable to.

opprimo oppressi oppressum

to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check.

opprobrium

reproach, disgrace.

oppugno

to fight against, attack, assault, assail.

opssingular:

power, power to aid, power to help.

optimates

the aristocratic party.

optimus:

one of the best, aristocrat, noble.

opto

to desire, wish for, want.

opus operis

work, labor, work done, completed work, building.

oratio

speech, address, oration.

orator

orator, speaker.

orbis

circle, orb.

orbis terrarum

the world, the Earth.

ordinatio

rule, government, order, arrangment, regulation.

ordine, ordinem

regularly, appropriately, properly.

ordo

rank, class, order.

orior oriri ortus

rise, become visible, appear.

ornatus

dress, attire, equipment, ornament, embellishment.

orno

to equip, furnish, supply / decorate, adorn.

oro

to speak, argue, plead, orate, beg, entreat.

os, oris

mouth, face, countenance.

ostendo

show, reveal, present, make plain, declare.

ostium

entrance, door.

otium

free time, leisure, ease, peace, repose.

otium

ease, leisure, inactivity.

ovis ovis

sheep.

paciscor

to make an agreement, covenant, pact.

paciscor

to make a bargain or agreement, covenant, deal.

pactum

treaty, pact, contract.

pactum

agreement, contract, covenant, pact.

pactus

agreed-upon, stipulated, betrothed.

paene, pene

nearly, almost.

paganus

countryman, peasant, pagan.

pala

spade, peel for putting bread in the oven.

palam

openly, publicly, (+abl.) in the presence of.

palea

chaff.

pallium

coverlet, mantle, cloak.

palma

palm.

pando

to stretch out, spread out, extent.

panis panis

bread.

par

equal, like.

paratus

prepared, ready, provided, equipped.

paratus

prepared, ready, equipped; (of persons) skilled.

paratus

preparation, fitting out, equipment.

parco

(with dative) to spare, refrain from injuring.

parco(+inf.:

to forbear to), avoid, spare, keep oneself from.

parens parentis

parent.

pareo

(+ dat.) to be obedient to, obey.

paries parietis

wall

parilis

similar, like, equal.

pario

to bear, bring forth, produce / create, make, get.

pariter

equally, in like manner, as well.

paro

to prepare, get ready / set, put / furnish, supply / buy.

pars partis

part, share / direction.

partim

partly / some.

parum minus minime

(adv.) little, too little, not enough.

parvus minor minimus

small, little

pasco

to graze, forage, browse.

passer

sparrow.

passim

adv. far and wide, everywhere, scattered about.

patefacio

to disclose, expose, open, make open.

pateo

to be revealed, to stand open, to be clear, plain.

pater patris

father.

paternus

of a father, paternal, native.

patiens

patient / (+ gen.) capable of enduring.

patientia

patience, suffering, endurance.

patior

to suffer, endure, permit.

patria

fatherland, one’s native country, homeland.

patrocinor

to protect, defend, support, patronize.

patronus

patron, protector.

patruus

paternal uncle.

pauci

few, a few, some.

paulatim

gradually, little by little.

pauper

beggar, person without means.

pauper

poor, with few means, poverty-stricken.

paupertas

beggardry, poverty, humble circumstances.

pax pacis

peace

peccatus

sin.

pecco

to do wrong, err, sin, go astray.

pecto

to comb, card, thrash (to card wool).

pectus pectoris

heart, breast.

pecunia

money.

pecus

a single head of cattle, especially a sheep.

peior

worse (see malus).

pello pepulli pulsum

to hit, beat / exile, drive away, banish.

pendeo

to hang, depend, be suspended / be uncertain, undecided.

pendo

to weigh, value, consider, judge, esteem.

penitus

inward, inner, interior.

penitus

(adv.) inside, widely, through and through, completely.

penus, us

provender, supplies, victuals.

pepulo

? Herimann, cap. 3.

per

(+ acc.) (cause) because of, on account of.

per

(+ acc.) (means / instrument) through, with, by, by means of.

per

(+ acc.) (of time) throughout, during, in the course of.

per

(+ acc.) (of space) through, along, over / in the presence of.

peracto

to carry through, complete, accomplish.

peragro

to wander through, travel through.

percipio percepi perceptum

to gain, learn, perceive, understand.

percontor percunctor

inquire, interrogate, investigate.

perculsus

a shock.

percutio (percussum)

to strike hard, pierce, transfix / shock.

perdignus

very worthy.

perdo

to destroy, ruin, waste, scatter, squander.

perduco

to lead through, conduct, carry through.

peregrinus

wanderer, foreigner, stranger / pilgrim, crusader.

pereo

to pass away, be destroyed, perish.

perfectus

complete, finished, done / perfect, without flaw.

perfero

to bear, suffer, endure.

perficio perfeci perfectum:

to do thoroughly, accomplish, bring about.

perfruor

to execute completely, enjoy to the full.

perfusus

steeped, soaked, drenched.

pergo

to continue, proceed, go on with.

periclitatus

put in peril, endangered.

periclitor

to test make a trial, put in peril, endanger.

periculosus

hazardous, dangerous.

periculum

danger, risk.

perimo peremi peremptum

to destroy

peritus

skilled, expert.

periurium

perjury, oath-breaking, forswearing an oath.

perlustro

to pass through, survey, look, examine.

permitto permissi permissum

to allow, permit, let.

permoveo

to excite, agitate, stir up, move.

perniciosus

pernicious, destructive.

perperam

wrongly, falsely.

perpetro

to complete, accomplish, perform.

perpetuus

perpetual, lasting, continuous, uninterrupted.

perscitus

very clever, exceedingly sharp.

perscribo

to write out, write down, place on record.

perseco

to cut through, dissect, cut away.

persequor persequi persecutus

to follow, pursue, take revenge.

perseverantia

perseverance, persistence.

persevero

to persist, persevere, continue.

persisto

to persist, persevere.

persolvo

to unloose, explain, expound / pay off a debt, pay.

personam gero

to act a part.

perspicuus

transparent, bright, clear, evident.

persuadeo persuasi persuasum

(+ dat.) to persuade.

perterreo

to terrify.

pertimesco

to become very much afraid.

pertinacia

firmness, obstinacy, stubbornness.

pertinaciter

stubbornly, obstinately.

pertinax

persistent, firm, mean, stubborn, obstinate

pertineo

to pertain to, relate to, concern.

pertingo

to stretch out, extend.

pertorqueo

to twist, distort.

pertraho

to drag, forcibly conduct, entice, allure.

perturbo

to disturb, trouble, perturb, disrupt.

perturpis

very disgraceful.

peruro perussi perustum

to burn up, consume / inflame, gall, chafe.

pervalidus

very strong.

pervenio

(+ acc.) to reach, attain, reach, be passed to.

perverto perverti perversum

to turn upside down, overturn, overthrow.

pervideo pervidi pervisum

to look over, survey, inspect, discern.

pes pedis

foot.

pessimus

worst (see malus)

pessum

to the ground, to the bottom, downward.

pessum do:

to destroy, ruin, wreck

pessum ire:

to sink, be ruined, destroyed, be put to an end.

pestifer

pestilential, injurious, damaging, plaguey,

pestifere

destructively, injuriously.

pestis pestis

plague, epidemic, pestilence / destruction, curse.

petitus

inclining toward

peto

to make for, go to, seek, strive after.

peto

to ask for, beg, request, demand / to sue for.

Pevela

Pevle, near Cisoing.

pharetra

a quiver.

phasma phasmatis

ghost, spirit, specter.

phitonicum

Herimann p. 275.

pia pium

honest, godly, holy, pious, dutiful, patriotic.

pica

jay, magpie.

picea

the spruce tree

pictor

painter

pictoratus

painted / of cloth, embroidered.

piger pigra pigrum

lazy, slow, dull.

pignus

pawn, pledge, token, (in pl.) persons in pledges of

piper, piperis

pepper.

pipio

to chirp, tweet, pipe.

pirum

pear.

pirus

pear tree.

piscator

fisherman.

piscis piscis

fish.

pius:

dutiful, godly, holy, upright, kind, honest, affectionate.

placeo

(+ dat.) to please, be agreeable to

placet

it is agreed, it is resolved, it seems good.

placide

quitely, gently.

placidus

quiet, still, gentle.

placitum

judgment, case / plea, litigation / defense.

placitum

accord, agreement, pact / assembly for judgment.

placo

to placate, appease.

plaga

district, zone, region.

plagiarius

kid-napper, plagiarist

plane

plainly, clearly.

plango planxi plactum

to strike, beat / bewail, mourn.

platea

street, courtyard.

plaustrum

wagon, cart, charles Wain.

plebs plebis

the common people, the masses, the crowd.

plecto

to punish.

plector

to be punished.

plene

(adv.) completely, wholly, fully.

plenus

full, complete, full, satisfied, rich, mature, plump.

plerumque

for the most part, generally, commonly, mostly.

plerusque

very many, a great number, a large part, the greater part.

plico

to fold.

plorabilis

deplorable.

plorator

a lamenter.

ploratus

weeping, lamenting.

ploro

to lament, weep, weep over.

pluit pluvit

it is raining, a shower is falling.

pluma

feather / featherbed / pen.

plumbeus

leaden, made of lead / dull, stupid, heavy, oppressive, bad.

plumbum

lead, a bullet, lead pipe.

plumbum album

tin.

pluo

to rain, shower, sprinkle.

plura

more numerous, several, many.

plures

more numerous, several, many.

plurimi

at the highest price, of the highest worth.

plurimus

most, very many.

pluris

(gen.) at a higher price, of a great value

plus

more.

plusculus

somewhat more, rather more.

pluvia

rain, shower.

pluvialis

pertaining to rain, of rain.

pocius potius

rather, preferably.

poema poematis

poem, verse, rhyme.

poenapain, punishment, penalty / poena dare

to pay the penalty.

poeta

(masc.) poet.

polenta

pearl barley, barley groats.

pollen(also pollis ):

fine flour, fine meal.

polleo

to be strong, powerful, able.

pollex

thumb, big toe.

polliceor

to promise, offer.

pollicitus

promised, a promise.

pomum

fruit, apple.

pono posui positum

to lay, place, put, set / (milit.) post, station.

pons pontis

bridge.

poposcosee posco

Herimann, cap. 28, 69.

populus

people, the people, nation, crowd, multitude, host.

porro

forward, further, next, in turn, (of time) long ago.

porta

gate, entrance.

posco

to call upon, ask earnestly, request.

positus

position, place, arrangment.

possessio

possession, property.

possum posse potum

to be able, avail, have influence.

post

(+ acc.) after, behind.

postea

afterwards.

posteri

posterity.

posterus, postremo

subsequent, following, next, future.

posthabeo[posthabito]

[posthabito] : to put after, consider of less account.

postpono

to put after, consider secondary.

postquam

(conj.) after.

postulo

to ask.

potens

able, mighty, powerful, strong.

potestas

power, ability, authority / opportunity.

potior

(+ gen. or dat.) to possess, hold, get possession of.

potissimum

(adv.) chiefly, most of all.

potissimus

best of all, chief, principal.

potius

rather, preferably

prae dulcis / pre dulcis

exceedingly sweet.

prae pre

(prep. with abl.) before,

prae pre

(adv.) before, in front.

prae quam / pre quam

in comparison with.

prae se ferre / pre se ferre

to show, exhibit, on account of.

praebeo prebeo

to offer, hold out, supply, provide, allow.

praebeo prebeo

(+ refl.) to show oneself, present oneself.

praecedo precedo

to precede, go before / surpass, excel.

praecelsus precelsus

exceedingly high.

praecepio precepio

precept, preconception.

praeceptum preceptum

precept.

praecido

to cut short, lop, mutilate.

praecipio, precipio

to instruct, advise, warn, anticipate.

praecipuus precipuus:

excellent, distinguished, extraordinary.

praeclarus preclarus

excellent, famous, beautiful, striking.

praeconor preconor

to be a public crier, to herald, proclaim.

praecox precox

ripe beforehand, premature.

praeda preda

plunder, booty, spoils of war, loot, gain, prey.

praedico predico

to warn, admonish, instruct, foretell.

praeeo preeo

to go before, precede / to say in advance / to order.

praefero prefero

to carry in front, display, prefer.

praefero prefero

anticipate, carry by, ride by.

praeficio preficio / prefeci prefectum

to put in charge of

praefinio prefinio

to appoint ahead of time

praefoco prefoco

to choke, suffocate.

praegravo pregravo

to press heavily upon, weigh down, oppress.

praemitto

to send forward, dispatch, send in advance.

praemium premium

reward, prize.

praemo premo

to press down, strike down.

praenuntio, prenuntio

to foretell, announce before hand.

praenuntius prenuncius

foretelling, harbinger, omen, token.

praepono prepono

to set over, prefer.

praepositus prepositus

(monastic) prior.

praeproperus, preproperus:

over-hasty, precipitate.

praesentia presencia

power, effect.

praesentia presentia

presence, presence of mind, effect, power.

praesidium presidium

guard, garrison, detachment / protection.

praestans prestans

excellent, distinguished, imminent.

praestantia prestantia:

superiority, excellence.

praesto

to stand before, be outstanding, excell, surpass, show.

praesto presto

to answer for, be responsible for.

praesto presto

to do, perform, display, fulfill, offer, present.

praesul presul

dancer / presider, protector, director.

praesum presum

to be at the head of, be in charge of.

praesumo presumo

to anticipate, take for granted.

praeter

adj., except; prep. + acc., besides, beyond, more than.

praeterea preterea

besides, further, hereafter.

praetereo pretereo

to pass over, pass by, omit.

praeteritus preteritus

past.

praetermissio pretermissio

neglect, passing over, omission.

praetorgredior pretergredior

to pass beyond, go beyond.

praevenio

get the start of.

praevenio, prevenio

to come before, anticipate.

pravitas

crookedness, depravity, deformity, perversity.

preastolatio prestolatio

the waiting for, expectation.

precipio

to anticipate, instruct, advise, warn.

precipue

chiefly, especially, particularly.

precor

to pray, beg, entreat, invoke.

prehendo

to seize, snatch, grasp, detain, arrest.

premo pressi pressum

to squeeze, press down, strike down.

prenda

booty, loot, stolen goods.

pretereo

to go by, pass by, escape.

pretium

price, value, reward.

prevenire

to come to, go before hand, attend.

prex precis

request, entreaty, prayer.

primitus

first, for the first time.

primo

first, at first, at the beginning, at the start.

primoris

first, foremost / most distinguished, first.

primum

at first, for the first time, in the first place.

primumquam primum

as soon as possible.

princeps

chief, prince.

principatus

rule, dominion, pre-eminence, first place.

principium

beginning.

prior prius

former, prior.

priores, um

forefathers, ancestors.

priscus

ancient, antique, former, old days, venerable.

pristinus

former, venerable, ancient.

prius

before, formerly.

priusquam

(conj.) before.

privatus

private, unofficial, a private person.

privigna

step-daughter.

privo

to deprive

privus

(with gen.) deprived of.

pro

(+ abl.) in return for, instead of / for, as.

pro

(+ abl.) in front of, before / on behalf of, for.

pro eo

because of the fact, because, for this reason..

probitas

probity, uprightness, honesty.

probo

to show, prove, demonstrate, approve, find good, judge.

procedo

to go out, come out / result, prosper / turn out well.

procedo

to go ahead, proceed, advance, continue.

procella

storm, tempest, gale; (milit) charge, onset, wave.

procella

storm, tempest, gale.

procer

chief noble, prince.

procinctu

prepared or ready for battle.

procul

far, at, to, from a distance.

procurator

manager, bailiff, agent.

prodigiosus

unnatural, wonderful, miraculous, amazing.

proditor

traitor, betrayer.

proelium

battle.

profecto

truly, really, indeed.

profero

to carry out, bring forth.

proficio

to make progress, advance.

proficio

advance, assist, help, aid, be of use.

proficiscor

to depart, set out, to start forward, to arise.

proficuusproficiscor

to start forward, set out, depart, arise.

profiteor:

to make a public statement / to declare oneself.

profiteor:

to acknowledge, confess / offer, promise.

profor profari profatus

to speak out.

profugus

fleeing, fugitive, banished, migratory.

profundo frofui profusum

to pour forth, gush, stream.

profundum

a depth, abyss, chasm / the sea.

profundus

deep, profound, high, thick, dense, boundless.

progener

husband of a grand-daughter.

progenero

to produce, engender.

progenies

descent, lineage, progeny, offspring, descendants.

progenitor

founder of a family, ancestor.

progigno progenui progenitum

to engender, bring forth.

prognatus

born, sprung from / son.

progredior

to go forth, advance, proceed, go out.

progressio

advance, progress, increase.

progressus

advance, going forward, increase, a royal circuit.

prohibeo

to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit, forbid.

prohibitio

prohibition, restrain, forbidding.

proicio

to throw forth, fling, abandon.

proinde

consequently, therefore, as a result.

proinde quasi proinde ac si

just as if.

proinde ut: proinde quam:

just as.

prolabor

to slide forward, slip forward, fall forward, fall down.

prolapsio

a slipping or sliding.

prolatio

a bringing forward, mentioning / extension / deferring.

prolato

to enlarge, lengthen, extend / put off, defer.

prolecto

to entice, allure.

prolesoffspring, descendants, posterity, (plants

fruit.

proletarius

a citizen of the lowest rank.

prolicio prolixi

to lure forth, entice.

prolix

long, stretching.

prolixus

wide, broad, long / willing, obliging, favorable.

proloquor

to speak out, declare openly.

proluo prolu prolutum

to wash away, wash clean.

prolusio

preliminary exercise, prelude.

proluvier

inundation / scouring / discharge.

promereo promereor

to deserve, merit

promeritumdesserts, merit, credit.promissio

a promise.

prominens

jutting out, standing out / a projection.

promineo

to stand out, jut, extend.

promisce promiscue

indiscriminately.

promiscus promiscuus

mixed, indiscriminate / commonplace, usual.

promissio

a promise

promissor

a promiser, suretor, guarantor.

promitto

to let go, send forth, undertake, promise.

promitto

to let go forward, send forth, promise, undertake.

promo prompsi promptum

to produce, disclose, bring forth.

promontorium

peak, mountain crest, ridge, promontory.

promoveo promovi promotum

push forward, move ahead, advance.

prompte

promptly, resolutely, readily.

promptuin promptu esse

to be ready, to be easy, to be clear.

promptuin promptu habere

to have read, display, have on show.

promptuin promptu ponere

to make clear, reveal, disclose.

promptus

(persons) prepared, resolute, prompt.

promptus

ready at hand, visible, apparent.

promulgatio

publication, promulgation (of a law).

promus

steward, butler.

promutuus

(cash) advanced, prepaid, arraigned beforehand.

pronepos proneptos

great-grandson

pronuntio

to proclaim, announce, declaim.

prope

near, nearly, not far from, just now, closely.

prope

near, near to, not far, not long from now.

propello

to drive before one, drive away.

propero

to hasten, speed, move rapidly, come quickly.

propero

to hasten / accelerate, speed up.

propinquo

(intrans) to come near, draw near, approach.

propinquus

near, close, similar, nearly related.

propono

display, publish, relate, tell, propose, promise.

propositum

a design, purpose, scheme, theme of discourse.

proprie

exclusively, particularly, peculiarly. properly.

proprius

one’s own, special, characteristic, particular.

proprius

one’s own, permanent, special, peculiar.

propter

(+ acc.) near, close, on account of, because of.

propugnaculum

fortification, rampart, defense.

prorsus

forward, straight ahead, to sum up, utterly, wholly.

prosequor (prosecutus)

to attack, go with, pursue, attend.

prosper

favorable, fortunate, lucky, prosperous.

prosperitas

prosperity, good fortune.

prosum

to be useful, do good, benefit (+ dative).

prosum

(with dat.) to be useful, do good, benefit.

prosum (profuturus)

to be useful, of benefit, do good.

protestor, protesto

to declare in public, affirm, bear witness.

protinus

forward, further on, continuously, immediately.

protraho (protractus):

to draw out, protract, defer, make known.

prout

just as, according to.

provectus

advanced, advanced in age.

proveho

to carry on, carry forward, advance, promote,

proventus

a growing up, increase, crop, yield, or issue.

provideo

to foresee, provide, make provision for.

provisor

one who provides for, or against.

provolvere se

to throw oneself down, abase oneself.

proximus

nearest, closest, next.

prudens

prudent, wise.

prudenter

wisely, discreetly.

prudentia

foresight, wisdom, discretion.

Pruma

Prums.

publicus

of the people, public, open to all.

puchre

beautifully, finely, handsomely.

pudendus

shameful, disgraceful.

pudeo

to be ashamed,

pudicus

modest. chaste.

pudor

modesty, bashfulness.

puella

girl.

puer

boy.

puerilis

childish, boyish, foolish.

pueriliter

boyishly, childishly, foolishly.

puga pyga

buttocks.

pugna

fight, battle, conflict, set-to.

pugnacitas

the desire to fight, pugnacity.

pugnaculum

fortress.

pugnax

fond of fighting, combative, stubborn, contentious.

pugno

to fight.

pugnus

the fist.

pulchellus

pretty.

pulcher pulchra pulchrum

beautiful, handsome, fine.

pulchritudo pulchritudinis

beauty, fineness.

pulex

the flea.

pullulo

shoot up, sprout, burgeon.

pullus

dark-colored, blackish / sad, gloomy / a dark garment.

pullus

young animal / chicken, chick.

pulmentum

anything eaten with bread, sauce or relish.

pulmo

the lung.

pulpa

flesh.

pulpitum

platform, stage.

pulso

to strike (the hours)

pulsus

beating, blow, push, influence.

pulsus

beating, blow, push, impulse, influence.

pulvis

dust, powder / arena, scene of action.

pumilius pumilio

a dwarf.

punctum

a prick, little hole, puncture / a point, spot, place.

pungo pupugi punctum

to penetrate / sting, annoy, harass.

pungo pupugi punctum

to prick, puncture, stab / touch, move.

puniceus

purple, red.

punio

to punish, avenge, gave vengeance.

punitor

punisher, avenger.

pupa

doll / little girl.

pupillus pupilla

orphan, ward.

puppis

stern of a ship, the poop.

pupula

pupil of the eye.

purgamentum

rubbish, trash, filth, sweepings.

purgatio:

cleaning out, cleansing / excsuing, justification.

purgo

to clean, cleanse, purify / clear away, wash off / justify.

purpura

purple dye, purple cloth / high rank, emperorship.

purus

pure, free from.

pusillus

tiny, puny / petty, mean.

putator

pruner.

puteo

to stink, be redolent, smell bad.

puter

rotten, decayed, putrid / loose, crumbling / flabby.

putesco

to putrefy, day, rot.

puteus

well, pit.

puto

to clear, settle up, consider, think, believe, suppose, judge.

putus

pure, unmixed, unadulterated.

pyropus

bronze.

pyus pyxidis

a little box, casket.

qua

(adv.) by which route, where.

qua

(fem. sing. abl.) (the abbess) BY WHOM she was advised.

quadraginta

forty (indecl.)

quadratus

square, a square.

quadrigae

four-horse team.

quadrivium

second stage of the medieval curriculum

quadrivium

crossroads, place where four roads meet.

quadrum

a square

quadruplator

an exaggerator, informer

quadruplor

to be an informant.

quae

(neut. pl. nom.) WHAT cannot be avoided must be endured.

quae

(neut. pl. acc.) those things WHICH we must have

quae

(fem. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (women) WHO have ears to hear ..

quae que

(fem. sing. nom.) (the milkmaid), WHO loved a prince.

quaero quero

to seek, search for / ask, enquire, search for

quaero quero

to miss, want / seek to know / obtain, get.

quaesitio quesitio

investigation, interrogation.

quaeso queso

to seek for, ask for.

quaestio questio

seeking, searching / inquiry, investigation.

quaestuosus questuosus

profitable, fond of gain, rich.

quaestus questus

profit, a source of profit, gaining, getting.

qualis

of what kind? of the kind that.

qualiscumque

of any kind whatever, any whatever.

qualislibet

of what sort you will.

qualitas

quality, property.

qualiter

as, just as.

quam

(adv. and conj.) how, than, as … as possible.

quam

(fem. sing. acc.) (the church), WHICH the Lord loved.

quam plures

as many as possible.

quamdiu

such a long time.

quamobrem, quam ob rem

wherefore? why? for which reason.

quamquam

nevertheless, and yet (beginning a sentence) / though.

quamtotius

? completely.

quamvis

(conj) however much, although / as much as you like.

quando(interr.) when si quando

if ever.

quandoquidem

since, because.

quanti

for how much, at what price.

quanto

by how much (+ comp. adj. or adv.)

quantocius quantotius

the soon the better.

quantocius quantotius

as quickly as possible.

quantum

(+ gen.) as much of … as.

quantum

how much?, how much!, as much as.

quantum in me est

as much as in me lies.

quantus

how great?, how great!, how much, as great as.

quantus … quantus

as great as, as much as.

quantuscumque quantacumque quantumcumque

however great

quantuslibet

as much as you will, as great as you will.

quantuvis

as great as you please, however great.

quapropter

wherefore.

quare

wherefore, why, because of which thing.

quartus

fourth.

quarum

(fem. pl. gen.) their envy and jealousy, OF WHICH we know.

quas

(fem. pl. acc.) the fates, against whom he struggled

quasi

as if, just as, just as if, as it were / a sort of

quassatio

a shaking.

quasso

to shake violently, shake to pieces, break, shatter..

quatenus / quatinus

since, as, in order that, that.

quatenus / quatinus

how far, to what extent, where, seeing that.

quater

four times / again and again.

quattuor

four (indecl.)

quem

(masc. sing. acc.) (the man), WHOM the king struck.

quemadmodum

how, in what manner.

queo

to be able.

quercetum

an oak grove, and oak forest.

quercus

oak tree.

quereia querella

complaint, complaining.

queribundus

complaining, plaintive, whining.

querimonia

complaint, a charge in court.

queritor

to complain excessively, whine, gripe.

quernus

oaken.

queror

to complain, lament, bewail (dogs) whine, whimper.

querulus

complaining, whining, lamenting.

qui

(masc. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (men) WHO have eyes to see …

qui

(masc. neut. nom.) (the prince) WHO loved a milkmaid

qui quae que quod

which, what, that.

quia

because.

quibus

(neut. pl. abl.) the arms WITH WHICH he won Rome.

quibus

(fem. pl. dat.) the good fortune, TO WHICH he owed his crown.

quibus

(neut. pl. dat.) the crimes FOR WHICH he was executed.

quibus

(masc. pl. dat.) the monastery IN WHICH he was interred.

quibus

(masc. pl. abl.) his sons, BY WHOM he was attacked when old

quibus

(fem. pl. abl.) the beards, BY WHICH the pirates were known.

quicquid

whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.

quid(neut. of quis )

what

quidam quaedam quedam quidam

a certain person or thing, / kind of.

quidemindeed, certainly, at least / ne … quidem

not … even.

quies quietis

quiet, rest, peace.

quilibet

anyone, anything.

quin

but come now, rather, indeed,

quin etiam

why even, in fact, moreover.

quinam quaenam quenam quodnam

which? what?

quingenti

five hundred.

quinquennis

five years old.

quippe

certainly, to be sure, indeed, of course.

quisnam, quidnam

who, what.

quisquam

anyone, anything.

quisque

each one, each person.

quisquis

whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.

quo

to which place, to what place, whither, where.

quo

(masc. sing. abl.) (the money) BY means of WHICH he lived.

quo

(neut. sing. abl.) (the eagerness) THROUGH WHICH he died.

quod

because, whereas, the point that, the fact that.

quod

(with time) since, as far as, to the extent that.

quod

(beginning sentence) and, but, now.

quod

(neut. sing. acc.) (the sea), WHICH you cannot drink dry.

quod

(neut. sing. nom.) (the war), WHICH killed so many.

quodammodo

in a certain way, in a certain measure.

quomodo

in what manner, how / in whatever way, somehow.

quondam

formerly, once, at one time, erstwhile.

quoniam

since, whereas, because.

quoque

also, too.

quorum

(neut. pl. gen.) dangers, OF WHICH there were not a few.

quorum

(masc. pl. gen.) the army, half OF WHICH was ill.

quos

(masc. pl. acc.) those WHOM he accused of treachery.

quot

how many, as many (indecl.).

quotiens

often.

quotienscumque

however often.

quovis

to whatever place you will.

radicitus

by the roots, utterly.

rapio rapui ratum

to seize, snatch, carry away.

rarus

rare, uncommon.

ratio

system, manner, method, procedure, manner.

ratio

reckoning, account / reason, judgment, consideration.

re vera

in truth.

recedo

to go back, retreat, retire, disappear.

recipio recepi receptum

to go back, retire, recede, retreat.

recito

to read aloud, recite.

recognosco

to recognize, recollect, recall.

recolo

to recall, reflect upon, rework, resume, rehabilitate.

recolo

to cultivate, work again, resume, rehabilitate

recolo

reflect upon, consider, recall.

reconcilio

to restore, repair / (of persons) unite, reconcile.

recondo

lay up, store, hoard.

recordatio

recollection, memory, recall.

recordor

to remember, think of, recollect, ponder over.

recro

to recreate, restore, revive.

rectum

virtue, right

rectus

right, correct, proper, upright, natural, plain.

recuperatio

recovery, recuperation.

recupero

to regain, recoup, recover.

recuso

to refuse.

redarguo

refute, disprove, contradict.

redarguo

disprove, refute. With gen. prove guilty, convict.

reddo

to repeat, recite, represent, imitate, pay up, deliver.

reddo

to give back, restore, return, answer, translate, render.

redemptio

ransoming, redemption, buying back, farming taxes.

redemptor

redeemer (Christ).

redeo

to go back, come back, return / (revenue) to come in.

redeo

to fall back upon, be reduced to, be brought to.

redigo (redactum)

to bring or reduce to a condition, lessen.

redono

to give back, give up.

reduco

to lead back, bring back, return.

redundantia

overflowing, redundancy.

redundo

to overflow, stream over, overflow, excess, flood.

refectorium

refectory, monastic mess hall.

refero

to bring back a message, refer.

reformo

to form again, mould anew.

regina

queen.

regius

royal, regal.

regnum

rule, authority, kingdom, realm.

rego rexi rectum

to guide, direct, to rule.

regula

rule / monastic rule.

relaxo

to loosen, enlarge, relax, ease, lighten.

relego relegi relectum

to read again, re-read.

relevo

to lift again, lighten, alleviate, relieve.

relictus

(fr. relinquo) having inherited, been bequeathed.

relinquo

to leave behind, bequeath / abandon, forsake.

reliquum

remainder, what is left, leavings.

relucesco

to become bright again.

reluctor

to struggle against, resist.

remando

to send back word.

remaneo

to stay behind, remain, continue.

remaneo

to remain behind, stay, continue.

rememdium

cure, remedy, nostrum, medicine.

removeo

to draw back, set aside, take away.

remuneror

to repay, reward.

renuntio

to declare, announce, report, give notice.

renuo

to deny, refuse, reject.

rependo

to ransom, pay back, requite.

repens

sudden, unexpected, fresh, recent.

repente

suddenly, unexpectedly.

repere

to crawl.

reperio

to get again, find, ascertain, discover, invent.

repetitio

repetition.

repeto

to seek again, ask back.

repeto

to return to, begin again, deduce, recall, recollect.

repleo

to replenish, fill up, fill up again, fill, satisfy.

repletus

filled, full.

repo repsi reptum

to creep, crawl.

repono

to deposit, lay up, store / requite.

reprehendo

to blame, reprove, refute, hold back, check, catch.

repugno

to fight against, oppose, resist / be incompatible with.

requiesco requievi requietum

to rest.

requiro

to ask for, look for, demand, desire, miss.

res publica

commonwealth, state, republic, public business.

res rei

thing, matter, business, affair.

resisto

to resist, make a stand, oppose.

respicio

to look back, provide for, respect, have regard for.

respondeo respondi responsum

to answer, reply, respond.

restituo

restore, put back, replace, reinstate, repair.

resumo (resumpsi, resumptum)

to renew, repeat, resume.

retineo

to hold back, restrain, detain, keep, maintain.

retraho retraxi retractum

to draw back, pull back.

retribuo

to give again, give as due.

reus

defendant, accused, answerable, bound.

revenio

to come back, return.

reverto

to go back, return, revert.

revertor reverti reversus

to return, come back.

revoco

to call back, recover, refer, revoke.

revolvo

to unroll a book, go over again, repeat.

rex rgis

king.

rhetor

rhetorician, teacher of rhetoric.

rhetoricus

rhetorical.

rideo risi risum

to laugh at, laugh.

rigor

stiffness, hardness, sternness.

ritus

usage, ceremony, rite.

rogo

to ask, ask for.

rogo eum ut +subjunctive

to ask someone to do something.

rostrum

bill of a bird, beak.

rota

wheel.

Rotomagense

Rouen.

rotundus

wheel-shaped, round.

rubor

redness, blush, modesty, shame, disgrace.

rudimentum

trial, attempt, essay.

rumor

rumor, gossip.

ruo rui rutum

to rush, fall, be ruined.

rursus

on the other hand, in return, back, again.

rus ruris

the country, countryside, rural area.

rusticus

rustic, rural / peasant.

sabbatum

sabbath.

sacculus

purse, little bag, little sack.

sacrificum

sacrifice.

sacrilegus

sacrilegious, impious.

saepe sepe

hedge, fence, enclosure, haye.

saepe sepe

often, frequently, repeatedly.

saepenumero

repeated, again and again.

saepius sepius

often, frequently, repeatedly.

saeta

hair.

saeta equina

horse-hair.

saevio

to rage, be furious, take violent action.

sal salis

salt, wit.

salsus

salty, witty.

saltem

at least, at all events.

salus

health, safety, well-being, salvation / salutation.

saluto

to wish well, greet, visit, reverence, pay respect to.

salutor

visitor, caller.

salveo

to be well, be in good health.

salvus

safe, sound.

sanctifico

to sanctify, make holy.

sanctimonia

purity, charity, virtue, sanctity, sacredness.

sanctimonialis

nun.

sanctus

holy, sacred, / saint.

Sanctus Egidius

St. Gilles.

Sanctus Eleutherius

St. Eligius.

Sanctus Rodoenus

St. Ouen.

sane

rationally, sensibly, really, indeed, to be sure.

sanitas

health, soundness of mend, sanity.

sano

to heal.

Santiago

St. James.

sanus

sound, healthy, sane.

sapiens

(subs.) a wise man, philosopher.

sapiens

wise, judicious.

sapienter

wisely, judiciously.

sapientia

wisdom.

sarcina

bundle, pack, burden, load.

satago

to pay a creditor, satisfy a creditor.

satago

have one’s hands full, have enough to do.

satio

to satisfy, sate.

satis

enough, sufficient / sufficiently.

sato

to sow, plant.

satura

satire.

saturo

to fill, satisfy.

scaber

scabby, rough.

scabies

the itch, mange, a rash.

Scaldus

Scheldt.

scamnum

bench, stool.

scaphium (sciphus

Herimann, cap. 24) pot, bowl, drinking vessel

sceleratus

wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.

scelero

to pollute with guilt, with blood, etc.

scelestus

wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.

scelus sceleris

crime, sin, evil deed, wickedness.

schola

school / elite troop of soldiers.

scientia

knowledge, science, skill.

scilicet

evidently, certainly, of course, no doubt, assuredly.

scindo

to cut, rend, split, divide, separate.

scio

to know, understand.

scio scivi scitum

to know.

scisco

investigate, ask, inquire / vote, ordain, resolve.

scribo, scripsi scriptum

to write, compose.

scrinium

bookcase, case for papers.

scriptor

writer, author, scribe.

se astringo

to commit oneself to.

se gero

to conduct oneself, conduct, carry on.

se habere

to keep oneself.

secedo

to go apart, withdraw.

secerno secrevi secretum

to separate.

secundum

(adv.) after, behind.

secundum

(+ inf.), following, after, during, according to.

secundus

second.

securus

safe, secure, free from care, unworried, unconcerned.

secus

otherwise, not so.

secus

wrongly, badly, not as one would wish.

secus + atque or quam

differently from, otherwise than.

secusnon secus, haud secus:

just so.

secuutus

follower, pursuer.

sed

but / and indeed, what is more.

sedeo sedi sessum

to sit.

seditio

dissension, quarrel, insurrection, mutiny, rising.

sedo

to settle, smooth, calm, allay.

seductor

seducer.

semel

a single time, for the first time, even once, once, ever.

semper

always, ever.

senectus

old age, dotage.

senex senis

old, aged, old man.

sensus

feeling, sense.

sententia

opinion, thought, way of thinking, meaning, purpose.

sentio

to judge, suppose, vote.

sentio

feel, perceive, experience, hold an opinion,

seorsum

apart, separately.

sepelio

to ruin, destroy, bury.

septem

seven.

sepulchrum

grave, tomb, sepulcher.

seputus

buried, sunk, immersed.

sequax

following, attending, pursuing.

sequor sequi secutus

to follow, trail.

serio

seriously.

serius

serious, grave, solemn.

sermo

talk, common talk, rumor, report, discussion.

sermo

discussion, talk, common talk, conversation, rumor.

sero

to sow, plant. also, late, at a late hour.

servio

(+ dat.) to be a slave to, serve.

servitus

servitude, slavery.

servo

to watch over, keep, protect, observe, save, reserve.

servus

slave, serf.

sese=se

himself, herself, itself.

severitas

severity, rigor, sternness, strictness.

si

if.

sibimet

to them themselves.

sic

so, thus / yes, that is so, that is right.

siccus

dry, thirsty / sober, temperate.

Siclinium

Seclin.

Siclinium

Seclin in Melanchois.

sicut

as, just as, as it were, (+verb in subj.) just as if.

sidus

constellation, star.

signum

sign, seal, indication, sign.

silens

silent, still

silenti etc

the dead.

silentium

silence, stillness, quiet, repose, obscurity.

silentium

(religion) faultlessness, perfection.

sileo

to be still, silent / (+ acc.) be silent about / rest.

siligo -inis

wheat, wheat flour.

silva

woods, forest.

similis

similar, like, resembling.

similitudo

likeness, resemblance / uniformity.

simplex

simple, unaffected.

simul

at once, at the same time, together.

simul atque

as soon as.

simulatio

pretense,

sine

(+ abl.) without.

singularis

alone, unique, extraordinary, individual, singular.

singuli

one each, one apiece, single, separate.

singultim

stammeringly.

singultus

sobbing, gasping.

singultus

sobbing, death rattle.

singulus

single, separate, one at a time, one each.

sino

allow, suffer, permit, let.

siquidem

since, indeed

sitio

to be thirsty.

sitis

thirst, dryness, drought, eager desire.

sive seu

or if.

socer

father in law.

socius

sharing, associated, allied.

socius

partner, comrade, associate, ally, fellow.

sodalitas

fellowship, companionship, secret society.

sol solis

sun.

soleo

to be accustomed, be used to.

solio

? Herimann, cap. 28.

solitudo solitudinis

loneliness, solitude.

solium

chair of state, throne / bath-tub.

sollers

clever, skillful.

sollicito

to stir up, incite, arouse.

sollicitudo

uneasiness, anxiety, disquiet, apprehension.

sollicitudo

concern, anxiety, solicitude, worry.

sollicitus

uneasy, worried, anxious, restless, agitated.

sollicitus

troubled, anxious, concerned, worried.

solum

land, country, soil, ground / bottom, floor, foundation.

solum

(adv) alone, only.

solumnon solum … sed etiam

not only … but also.

solus

alone, only, the only.

solutio

loosening / payment / solution / explanation.

solvo

to loosen, untie, release, free, dissolve, break up.

somniculosus

sleepy, drowsy

somniculouse

sleepily, drowsily.

somnio

to dream / (+ acc.) to dream of, imagine foolishly.

somnium

dream, fancy, day-dream / foolishness, nonsense.

somnus

sleep.

sonitus

noise, sound.

sono

to make a noise / sing / celebrate / (of words) to mean.

sophismata

false conclusions, logical fallacies.

sopor

deep sleep.

sordeo

to be dirty, appear vile.

sordes

filth, meanness, stinginess.

sordesco

to become dirty.

sortitus

casting lots, deciding by lot.

spargo sparsi sparsum

scatter, strew, spread.

speciosus

beautiful, handsome, imposing / specious plausible.

spectaculum

spectacle, show.

specto

to look at, watch, see.

speculum

mirror.

specus

cave, cavern, grotto, den.

sperno sprevi spretum

to scorn, despise, spurn.

spero

to hope for, hope.

spes

hope.

spiculum

sharp point, sting, spear, dart.

spiritus

breath, breathing / life / spirit.

spoliatio

plundering, looting, stripping, robbing.

spolio

to strip, plunder, despoil, rob, loot

spolium

spoils, plunder, booty.

sponte

willingly, of one’s own accord, unaided.

St. Richarius

St. Riquier.

stabilis

firm, stable, steadfast.

stabilitas

firmness, stability, durability.

Stabulaus

Stavelot.

statim

firmly, steadfastly, on the spot, at once, immediately.

statua

statue.

statuo

to give a ruling, make an arrangement, decide.

statuo

to cause to stand, establish, place, set up.

stella

star.

stillicidium

dripping moisture, rainwater from the eaves.

stipes

log, stump, tree trunk, branch, post, club.

stipes, itis

log, tree-trunk, branch, post, club, blockhead.

stips, stipis

small coin, gift.

sto, steti, statum

to stand, stand still, stand firm.

strenuus

brisk, active, vigorous / turbulent, restive.

strues

piles, heaps, masses.

studio

(+ dat.) to study, pursue eagerly, be eager for.

studiose

eagerly.

studium

eagerness, zeal.

stultus

foolish / a fool.

suadeo

to recommend, advise (a person)

suasoria

persuasive discourse.

sub

(+ acc. or dat.) under, up under, close to, beneath, below.

subito

adv. suddenly, unexpectedly.

subitus

sudden, unexpected.

subiungo

to yoke beneath, join, attach, subdue, subjugate.

sublime

on high, aloft.

subnecto

to bind on beneath, to tie.

subseco

to cut away, pare

subsequor

to follow after

substantia

substance, essence, means of subsistence, property.

subvenio

to come up to aid, relieve.

subvenio

to come to the aid, succor, relieve, help, assist.

succedo

to approach, submit, etc. etc.

succendo

to kindle, set afire from below.

successio

succeeding, succession, descent, descendant.

succurro

to run up under / aid, assist, help.

sufficio

to be sufficient, suffice, be enough.

suffoco

to strangle, choke, suffocate.

suffragium

vote, franchise / approval support, aid, assistance.

suggero

to bring up, supply, provide, add, attach. place next.

sui

himself, herself, itself.

sulum

each, every.

sum fui futurus

to be, exist.

summa

the highest part / whole, sum.

summisse

humbly, softly, calmly, modestly.

summissus (from summitto)

let down, lowered, gentle, mild.

summopere

very much, exceedingly.

sumo

to take, choose, obtain, buy. / take for granted, assume.

sumptus

expense, cost.

supellex supellectilis

furniture, apparatus, gear.

super

(prep.) (+ abl.) over, above / concerning, about, besides.

super

(adv.) over, above, besides, beyond, moreover, remaining.

superbia

pride, arrogance.

superbus

overbearing, arrogant, haughty, proud.

superficies

surface, top.

superfluo

flow over, overflow, be superfluous.

superna

northeast by north wind.

superne

from above, above.

supernus

above, superior.

supero

to be above, have the upper hand, surpass, conquer, overcome.

supersum

to be superfluous, to remain.

superus superior supremus or summus

above, upper, high.

supervacuussuperfluous, unnecessary, extra

supervenio : to arrive, come up, arrive unexpectedly.

suppellex suppellectilus

ornaments.

suppellex suppellectilus

household articles, furniture, goods.

supplanto

to trip up.

supplex

kneeling, entreating, suppliant.

supplicium

punishment.

suppono subpono

to put under, subject / put next to, add.

suppono subpono

to put in place of, substitute, forge.

supra

(+ acc.) above.

surculus

shoot, sprout.

surgo surrexi surrectum

to get up arise.

sursumupwards, sursum deorsum

up and down.

suscipio

to raise up, maintain, support, accept, receive, undertake.

suscito

to stir up, arouse, excite.

suspendo suspendi suspensum

to suspend, hang.

sustineo

to hold up, sustain, endure.

suus sua suum

(refl. poss. adj.) his, her, its, their own.

synagoga

synagogue.

tabella

writing tablet.

tabellae

letter, document.

tabernus

booth, hut, cottage, hove, small shop, inn, tavern.

tabesco

to melt, waste away, pine, be spoiled.

tabgo tetigi tactum

to touch.

tabula

board, plank, gaming board, painted panel.

taceo tacuitacitum

to be silent, leave unmentioned.

tactus

sense of feeling, touch.

taedium, tedium

disgust, weariness, boredom.

talio, -onis

retribution.

talis

of such a kind, such.

talus

the ankle, ankle bone,.

tam

to such a degree, so, so far.

tam … quam

as … as possible.

tamdiu

for such a long time.

tamen

notwithstanding, nevertheless, yet, still, for all that.

tametsi

even if, although.

tamisium

sieve, sifter (Herimann, p. 308).

tamquam tanquam

as, just as, like as, just as if.

tandem

adv. at last, finally.

tantillus

so little, so small.

tantum

only.

tantummodo

only just, just so long as.

tantus

so large, so great, of such a size.

tardus

slow, late, tardy.

Taruennam

The Rouanne.

te

(abl.) you / no one’s sweeter than YOU.

te

(acc.) you / I got YOU, babe.

tego texi tectum

to cover, bury, conceal, hide, protect, shield.

temeritas

rashness, temerity.

temperantia

moderation, self-control, temperance.

tempero

to mix properly, temper, regulate, mitigate.

tempero

be moderate, control oneself.

tempero

(+abl. or with ab) to keep from, refrain from.

tempero

(+ dat.) to control, use with moderation, spare,

tempestas

storm, weather.

Templovium

Templeuve, villa near Cisoing.

templum

sacred precinct, temple, sometimes church.

temptatio

trial, temptation.

tempus temporis

time.

tenax

grasping, stingy, clinging, frugal, obstinate.

tendo

to direct, try, attempt, stretch, extend, present, give.

tendo

to direct one’s course, tend, make or head for.

teneo

to keep on, persist, persevere, endure.

teneo

to hold, keep, possess, maintain.

teneo

to grasp, know, understand.

tener tenera tenerum

tender, delicate, soft, young.

tenuis

thin, slight, feeble, slim, slender.

tenus

prep. With abl. as far as, up to, to, down to.

tenus

(after a name in abl. or gen.) up to, down to as far as.

tepesco

to cool, grow lukewarm, decrease.

tepidus

warm, luke-warm, tepid

ter

three times, thrice.

terebro

to bore through, perforate.

teres

rounded, polished, smooth, fine, elegant.

terga dare

to flee, retreat, run away.

tergeo tergo tersi tersum

to wipe, scour, clean

tergiversatio

backwardness, reluctance, evasion.

tergo (a tergo )

in the rear, from behind

tergum

skin, hide

tergum

back, rear.

tergus

the back / skin, hide, leather.

termes

a tree branch (especially olive).

terminatio

termination, determination, setting of boundaries.

termino

restrict, define, close, set a limit to.

terminus

a boundary mark, limit, end, border.

tero trivi tritum

to rub, wear out.

terra

earth, ground, land, country, soil.

terreo

to frighten, terrify, scare away, deter.

territo

to scare, frighten, intimidate.

terror

fright, fear, terror.

tersus

clean, neat, correct.

tertius

third.

testimonium

proof, evidence, witness, indication.

testis

one who gives evidence, witness, spectator / testicle.

texo

to weave, twine together, plait, construct, build.

texo

the main verb for weaving of cloth.

textilis

woven fabric, piece of cloth.

textor textrix

weaver.

textus

woven cloth, web.

thalassinus

sea-green.

theatrum

theater.

theca

case, envelope, covering.

thema

subject, topic, theme.

thema thematis

theme.

theologus

theologian.

thermae

warm springs, warm baths.

thesaurus

treasure, horde / store-room, treasury.

thesis

proposition, thesis.

thorax

breastplate

thymbra

the herb savory.

thymum

the herb thyme.

tibi:

(dat.) you / I can’t give YOU anything but love, baby.

timeo

to fear, be afraid, dread.

timidus

fearful, timid.

timor

fear, dread, object causing fear.

titulus

label, title, placard.

tolero

to tolerate, bear, endure, sustain.

tollo sustuli sublatum

to lift up, raise, elevate, carry away.

tondeo totondi tonsum

shave, shear, clip, mow, reap, browse.

tonsor

barbar.

Tornacense

Tournai.

torqueo

to twist, curl, rack, torture, torment, distort, test.

torrens

rushing, seething, burning, parched / a torrent.

tot

(indecl.) so many.

totidem

just as many.

toties

often, so many times.

toties, totiens

so many times, so often.

toties, toties

so often, so many times.

totus

whole, entire, complete, all.

tracto

to drag, handle / treat, discuss, deal with.

trado tradidi traditum

surrender / hand over / transmit, teach.

traho traxi tractum

to drag, pull / derive, get.

Traiectensium

Utrecht.

Traiectum

Maastricht.

trans

(+ acc.) across.

transeo

to go over, pass over, cross over, go past.

transfero transtuli translatum

carry across, transfer, convey.

transmitto

to send, carry, or convey across.

tredecim

(indecl.) thirteen

Trellum

Tre Blon, castle in Hannonia.

tremo

to tremble, shake, shudder.

trepide

with trepidation, in confusion,

tres tria

three.

Treverim

Triers.

tribuo

to give out, divide, allot, assign, grant, give, allow.

tricesimus

thirtieth.

triduana

lasting three days.

triduanus

three days’ duration, lasting three days.

triduum

a period of three days.

triginta

(inedl.) thirty.

tripudio

to leap, jump, dance (as in a religious procession).

tristis

sad, gloomy, downcast.

Trium Fontium

Trois-Fontaines, Marne, Vitry-le-Francais.

triumphus

triumphal procession, triumph.

trucido

to kill cruelly, slay, butcher, massacre, slaughter.

truculenter

(adv.) wildly, savagely, fiercely, cruelly, roughly

tu

you / Old Heidelberg, you are the finest.

tubineus

cone shaped

tui

your yours / I read YOUR letter that said, dear John.

tum

at that time, then / thereupon, in the next place.

tumultus

uprising, disturbance, riot, tumult.

tumulus

mound, grave, heap of earth.

tunc

then, at that time.

Tungris

Tongres.

turba

uproar, disturbance / mob, crowd, multitude.

turbatio

disturbance, confusion.

turbatus

angered, exasperated / disturbed, restless, troubled.

turbo

to disturb, upset, throw into disorder, confuse, unsettle.

turbo, onis

hurricane. tornado, that which spins

turpe

a disgrace.

turpis

foul, ugly, disgraceful, morally corrupt.

tutamen tutaminis

defense, protection

tutis

protected, safe, secure.

tyrannus

tyrant, absolute ruler.

uberrime

most luxuriantly, most abundantly, most fruitfully.

ubi

when, as soon as / wherein, whereby, whereas.

ulciscor

to take vengeance for, avenge / take vengeance on.

ullus

any.

ulterius

farther, more advanced, more remote.

ultio ultionis

avenging, punishment, revenge.

ultra

(+ acc.) beyond, on the far side of.

ultra(+ acc.)

farther (than), more (than).

umbra

shade, shadow.

umerus humerus

shoulder, upper arm.

umquam

ever, at any time.

una

(adv.) in one, together.

unde

whence, from where / how, from whom.

undique

from all sides, everywhere, on all sides, altogether.

universe

generally, in general.

universi

all together.

universitas

the whole, total, universe, world / university.

universum

universe, the world.

universus

combined in one, whole, entire.

unus

one, only one, at the same time / single, alone.

urbanus

urban, urbane, pertaining to the city.

urbs urbis

city.

uredo

a plant blight.

us

foreign, acquired.

usitas

customary, usual.

usque

all the way, up (to), even (to).

ustilo

to burn (Herimannn, p. 308).

ustulo

to burn, scorch, singe.

usus

use, experience, skill, advantage.

ut

(+ subj.) (command) to, that.

ut

(+ subj.) (result) so that, that.

ut

(+ subj.) (purpose) in order that, to, that.

ut

(+ indic.) when, as.

uter utrius

either of the two

uterque

(gen. utriusque) both, each side, each party.

Uticensium

Evroul.

utilis

useful, advantageous, helpful.

utilitas

utility, usefulness.

utique

at any rate, certainly, at least.

utor uti usus

to use, employ, possess, enjoy / associate with, find.

utpote

seeing that, inasmuch as.

utpote

adv. namely, seeing that, inasmuch as, since.

utrimque

from both sides, on both sides.

utroque

to both sides, in both directions / at each point.

utrum

whether.

utrum … an

whether … or.

uxor

wife, spouse.

vaco

to be free from work, of a master, of property.

vacuus

empty, devoid of, free from.

vado

go, hasten, rush.

vae

(interj.), woe, alas, woe to.

valde

intensely, very much, extremely, greatly

valens

strong, powerful, healthy / able, worthwhile.

valeo valui valiturus

to be strong, have power, be well.

valetudo

health. good health, bad health.

validus

strong, mighty, powerful, exceeding.

vallum

palisade, earthen wall, entrenchment, rampart.

vapulus

flogged, beaten, knocked about.

varietas

variety, differences, diversity.

varius

various, varied.

vehemens

violent, furious, impetuous.

vehementer

violently, forcefully, strongly, exceedingly.

vel

or, (adv.) even, actually, for example.

velociter:

quickly, rapidly, swiftly.

velox

quick, rapid, swift, fast.

velum

sail, covering, awning, curtain.

velut

adv. just as, like, even as.

Vendolius

Vendeuil.

venia

grace, indulgence, favor, pardon, forgiveness.

venio veni ventum

to come.

ventito

to come often, to visit frequently.

ventosus

full of wind, windy, breezy.

ventus

wind, rumor, favor.

ventus

wind.

venustas

loveliness, charm, attractiveness, beauty.

ver, veris

spring, the production of spring.

verbera

(in pl.) blows, a beating, thrashing.

verbum

word.

vere

truly, really, actually, rightly.

verecundia

feeling of shame, shame, bashfulness.

vereor

to respect, fear, be in dread of, to be afraid.

vergo

to bend, incline, verge, to draw to an end.

veritas

truth.

Vernandense

Vermandois.

vero

in truth, indeed, to be sure / however.

versus

line, verse.

verto

to turn, turn around, turn up / to put to flight, rout.

verto

to flee / interpret, understand / upset, overthrow.

verumtamen verumptamen

notwithstanding, nevertheless.

verus

true, real, proper, right.

vesco, vescor

to feed, to eat.

vesica

bladder, bladder-like tumor.

vesper

evening star, evening.

vespera

evening prayer, vespers.

vespillo

undertaker.

vester vestra vestrum

(pl.) your, yours.

vestigium

footstep, trace, mark.

vestio vestivi vestitum

to clothe.

vestis

clothing, garment, covering, blanket, carpet, tapestry.

vestrum vestri

your yours / you make sing about YOUR pretty gals.

vetus

old.

via

road, way, street.

vicinus

neighbor / (med.) resident.

vicissitudo:

change, alteration.

victor

victor, winner.

victoria

victory.

victus

living, manner of life / nourishment, food.

videlicet

it is clear / (adv.) clearly, plainly, namely.

videlicet

(adv.) (ironically) of course, to be sure.

video vidi visum

to see, observe, understand, comprehend.

videor

to be seen, seem, appear.

viduata

deprived, widowed, bereft.

viduo

to deprive

vigilo

to be awake, watch, be vigilant / to keep vigil.

vigor

vigor, liveliness.

vilicus, villicus

pertaining to an estate, overseer, steward.

vilis

cheap, worth little.

vilitas

cheapness, low-price, worthlessness.

villa

country house, country estate / (med.) manor, village.

vinco vici victum

conquer, overcome, master, win, surpass, excel.

vinculum

bond, fetter, tie.

vindico

to liberate, deliver / punish, avenge / claim, assume.

vindico

to avenge, punish, liberate, deliver, protect.

vindico (vindicatum)

claim, arrogate, assume, appropriate.

vinitor

vine-dresser (a man who prunes grape vines).

vinum

wine.

vir

man, hero, man of courage.

virga

a green twig, rod, stick, wand, broom, streak, stripe.

virgo

maiden, virgin, young girl.

viridis

green.

viriliter

manfully.

virtus

manliness, excellence, character, worth, courage.

vis

(sing.) violence / a large number, quantity, a force / nature

vis vires

(pl.) force, power, strength, might, influence.

viscus

flesh, internal organs, bowels, entrails, heart.

vita

life, way of life.

vitiosus

vicious, full of vice, corrupt.

vitium

fault, vice, crime.

vito

to avoid, shun.

vivo vixi victum

to live, be alive.

vix

scarcely, hardly, with difficulty, barely.

vobis

(abl.) you / who knows more than YOU? I do!

vobis

(dat.) you / I’m talkin’ to YOU, yeah, talkin’ ’bout Cindy.

vociferor

to cry aloud, shout.

voco

to call, summon, name invite.

voco in dubium:

to call into question.

volaticus

winged, flying / inconstant, unreliable / flighty.

volatilis:

winged, flying / swift, rapid / fleeting, transitory.

volens

willing, favorable.

volo

to fly, speed, move rapidly.

volo

to wish, want, will, ordain, suppose, maintain that, be willing.

volo (sibi velle)

to mean, signify, denote.

volubilis

(of speech) rapid, fluent, voluble.

volubilis

rolling, revolving, turning around / changeable, inconstant.

volubiliter

fluently.

voluntarius

voluntary.

voluntas

wish, will, inclination / good will.

voluntas

last will, testament / meaning, sense.

volup

agreeably, pleasantly.

voluptarius

pleasant, one devoted to pleasure.

voluptas

pleasure.

voluptuosus

delightful, pleasurable.

volutabrum

pigsty, slough.

volva vulva

womb (particularly that of a sow).

vomer

plowshare.

vomica

ulcer, sore, boil / plague, curse.

vomito

to vomit, vomit forth, throw up.

vorago

chasm, pit, abyss.

vorax

gluttonous, voracious.

voro

to eat greedily, swallow up, consume, gorge oneself.

vos

(acc.) you / I’ll fight YOU all, then … bring me giants!

vos

you (pl) / YOU can’t catch me, i’m the gingerbread man.

votum

prayer, wish, desire / promise to God.

voveo vovi votum

to promise to God, vow, pray for.

vox vocis

voice, word / (med.) power, right, authority.

vulariter

in the common way, ordinary manner.

vulgaris

common, ordinary, usual.

vulgivagus

wandering, vagrant, itinerant.

vulgo

to spread, publish, impart, make accessible.

vulgus

the common people, mob, rabble.

vulnero

to wound, injure, hurt, harm.

vulnus

wound.

vulpes volpes

foxes.

vulticulus

look, aspect, appearance.

vultuosus

grimacing, affected.

vultur voltur vulturius volturius

vulture.

vultus

the face.

vultus

expression of the face, countenance, look, aspect.

Werumensium

Wittewierum.

xiphias

sword-fish.